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A team of archaeologists discovered the remains of more than 1,500 people during excavations in a Osaka Japanese City Ancient Cemeteryreported the Board of Education and the Osaka Cultural Heritage Association.
According to experts, the tombs of Umedahaka - one of the seven historically important cemeteries in the city - date back to late Edo period (1603–1867) and early Meiji era (1868–1912).
Due to the lack of significant personal objects, the researchers consider that those buried were ordinary people who lived in the Osaka castle and its surroundings.
Analysis of the unearthed bones showed that most died young, in their 30s, and many were children, and indicated that their deaths were likely the result of a pandemic or natural disaster.
In addition to human remains, the researchers found skeletons of domestic animals: four piglets in the northern part of the cemetery and two horses in the southern part, and the bone of a cat.
"The excavated remains, including human bones, are currently in the process of classification and analysis," the statement concluded.