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The Jewish human rights organization Simon Wiesenthal Center announced the revelation of 12,000 names of Nazis in Argentina, many of which sent funds to Switzerland before 1943, and it is believed that it could be money stolen from Jewish families under the regime of Adolf hitler.
The historical document was delivered to the Center by the Argentine researcher Pedro Filipuzzi, who found that writing in a former Nazi headquarters in the City of Buenos Aires.
However, the diary The nation points out that in truth he would have obtained the role in the hands of his superior, found it in a library of the National Development Bank (Banade).
In addition, that local media temporarily locates this situation in the first months of the Government of Raúl Alfonsín, barely restored democracy, as of December 1983.
Thus, this list appears as another evidence of the fascist influence in the Southern Cone country.
Several of the individuals listed there transferred money to the Schweizerische Kreditanstalt bank in one or more accounts, whose financial entity later became the Credit Suisse, based in Zurich (Switzerland).
For its part, the Center asks that firm to allow it access to its files «on behalf of the dwindling number of Holocaust survivors«Says the statement.
In other words, the organization suspects that they may be sums taken from the victims under the legislation imposed by Hitler in their dominated territories: «We believe that it is highly likely that these dormant accounts contain money looted from Jewish victims, under the Nuremberg ‘Aryanization’ laws of the 1930s.«, They maintained in a letter sent to the vice president of the company, Christian Küng. So far, the bank has not responded to the request.
Documents on the Nazis in Argentina
The Nazi presence in Argentina began to grow during the 1930s, under the de facto government of the military man José Félix Uriburu.
In fact, in April 1938 an important act related to the European regime took place in Luna Park, a mythical stadium in the capital that is currently used for recitals, and was attended by thousands of people.
In that opportunity the annexation of Austria to Germany was celebrated, and many recognize it as the most important act of Nazism outside the Germanic country.
In the surroundings, there were student mobilizations to repudiate the rally, responded to with a strong police operation that ended with two deaths.
In those days, the Argentine headquarters of the German National Socialist Foreign Organization Party had 1,400 members.
At the same time, the German Union of Guilds of the South American country, classified as a Nazi group, had 12,000 members, added to 8,000 members of other sympathetic associations of German fascism.
Shimon Samuels, one of the directors of the Simon Wiesenthal Center, emphasizes that among these organizations were companies such as IG Farben, in charge of supplying the Nazi authorities with Zyklon-B gas, used to kill Jews and other victims in the extermination camps. .
There were also the German Transatlantic Bank and the Germanic Bank of South America, which «apparently they served for Nazi transfers en route to Switzerland«He points out.
That same year, in 1938, Roberto Marcelino Ortiz assumed the Presidency, and under his administration the Special Commission for the Investigation of Anti-Argentine Activities was formed, in order to stop that extremist tendency.
Thus, during an intervention in the German Union of Guilds, that entity obtained the document listing its 12,000 members.
Then, between 1941 and 1943, the Chamber of Deputies used that list to issue a report showing the bank transfers that many Nazis made from Argentina to Switzerland.
However, in 1943 the military officer Pedro Pablo Ramírez, a leader of the United Officers Group (GOU), of a fascist court, held the Executive starting another de facto administration.
Immediately afterwards, he decided to dissolve the Commission and ordered the burning of the reports, including the list of Nazis drawn up by Congress.
Now, some 77 years later, the copy of that document comes to light: «Many of the names listed were related to pro-Nazi companies blacklisted by the US and UK during WWII.«, Highlights Ariel Gelblung, reference of the Center on Latin American affairs.
With this framework, it remains to be seen whether the Credit Suisse provides considerations for survivors' concerns.