Biography and myths of King Midas, King Mita of Phrygia

Biography and myths of King Midas, King Mita of Phrygia



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The king midas is a famous character of the greek and roman mythology, renowned for his legendary ability to turn everything he touched to gold.

The myth of King Midas

According to him midas myth, the king received a wish from Dionysus For having helped Silenus, and prisoner of his greed, he requested that he turn everything he touched into gold.

What Midas didn't think about is that this included food and people as well, eventually starving as a result of his greed, as Aristotle explains.

Aristotle also explains that Midas and his father Gordias were the founders of the city of Gordio, the capital of PhrygiaThese being the ones who tied the Gordian Knot.

This action would indicate that both Midas and Gordias lived in the II millennium BC, prior to Trojan war, but they are not mentioned by Homer, who does quote other Frisian kings such as Otreo or Migdon.

This has led to thinking about the possibility that the mythical figure of Midas was based on a royal king of Phrygia in the 8th century BC. known as Mita.

Another version of the myth explains that Midas asked Dionysus to release him from his gift, to which the god agreed by making him bathe in the Pactolo River, which "since then contained gold sands."

The myth of donkey ears

One day the god Bread had the audacity to compare his music to that of Apollo, and challenged the god to a test of skill. The god of the mountain Tmolus Y muses they were the chosen ones to arbitrate that confrontation.

Pan started blowing his pipes, and its melody satisfied himself and his companion, Midas.

Meanwhile, Apollo struck the lyre strings (in another version, after a hard confrontation Apollo played his instrument backwards, challenging Pan to do the same, which he could not do because they were different) the judges unanimously determined that Apollo was the victor.

Midas dissented and questioned the fairness of the award, to which Apollo, angry, turned the king's ears into those of a donkey.

Embarrassed by them, hid behind his crown (hat in other versions), and only his barber knew the secret, being obliged never to reveal it.

The barber, afraid of not being able to keep the secret and with the desire to free himself of that burden, decided to go to the meadow, dig a hole in the ground and whisper the story, covering it later.

Over time, a large number of reeds, which with the movement caused by the wind, they whispered to the air "Midas has donkey ears".

Soon, the birds heard the news that the reeds gave him and he passed through that place Melampo, a man who understood the language of birds.

Knower of the secret, Melampo told his acquaintances and went to see the king, to whom he said in person “take off your hat I want to see your donkey ears”.

After this, the king cut off his barber's head and, in some versions, he committed suicide out of embarrassment.

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Video: King Midas and his Golden touch explained in Hindi