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Christopher Columbus was born, almost certainly, in Genoa on October 30, 1451 and he is one of the most important characters not only of the Modern Age, but of the history of mankind.
Christopher Columbus' biography
He was the son of Domeneghino Colombo and Susana Fontanarossa and had two brothers Bartolomé and Diego.
Although his father was a wool carder, among his relatives there were sailors who from childhood aroused his interest in this work, with which he was trained with that objective.
Sources credit her with talent in studies, as wise as the teachers who taught her geography, mathematics, navigation, and astronomy.
At age 14 he started sailing and at 15 he was in command of a small boat.
Because of her deep knowledge and courage, Republic of Genoa used Columbus in the attacks in the Mediterranean against Venice.
However, Columbus's ship was shot down in one of their clashes and the entire crew drowned, managing to save the Genoese and swimming toward the coast of Portugal.
After several days of rest, he began his trip to Lisbon, where he was already known by the sailors of that country.
At that time the Portuguese had discovered two islands in Africa, which they called Porto-Santo and Wood, and some time later he married the daughter of the captain who discovered the islands in Africa.
The diaries and maps of this captain awakened in Columbus an ideaHe believed that the world was round and that beyond what was known so far there were other lands.
Relying on this idea, he thought that if he started from Europe heading West or West across the ocean, he would reach the other side.
Columbus's first voyage: arrival in America
After several refusals and over the years, the Queen of Castile Isabel I the Catholic He provided what was necessary for him to undertake his expedition, although with certainly limited resources, with which, with different associations with individuals, he obtained everything he needed to begin his journey.
Columbus had three ships: the Pinta, the Niña and the Santa María, which first raised sails towards the Canary Islands.
After a trip of two months and nine daysAt 2 a.m. on October 12, 1492, from the caravel La Pinta they sighted land, arriving at Guanahani island, the place of the first landing and an island that belongs to the archipelago of the Antilles (Bahamas).
He baptized the island with the name of San Salvador and he continued his journey, also reaching various islands of the Antilles which he baptized as Santa María de la Concepción, Fernandina and Isabela (current Cayo Samaná, Long Island and Crooked), Cuba, which he baptized "Juana" and Santo Domingo, to the which he baptized "Hispaniola".
On December 25 of that same year, Santa María ran aground on the island that is now Haiti, being useless. With his remains a fort was created that was baptized “Fort Christmas”.
On January 16, 1493, Columbus left Hispaniola with the Pinta and the Niña, leaving as an order to the Castilians who stayed there to abide by what Cacique Guacanagari said without leaving his domain.
Columbus's return journey
On his return trip and because of a storm, Columbus had to dock in the Azores where he was taken prisoner.
Once released, another storm diverted him to Lisbon where he had an interview with the King of Portugal Juan II. From there he sends a letter to the Catholic Monarchs to notify them that he would arrive on March 20.
On March 20, 1493, Columbus arrived in Seville where he received a letter from the Kings urging him to go to Barcelona to meet with them., where he was entertained and from which the anecdote arises that, once he bows before the kings, they order him to stand up and sit in a chair that they had predisposed for him, as a sign of importance, honor and respect .
Between 1493 and 1496, Columbus makes his second trip to continue exploration, arriving in Cuba, Puerto Rico and Jamaica. He had to return to Spain due to accusations of discontent with how Hispaniola governed.
On his third voyage between 1498 and 1500 he discovered Trinidad, but an uprising of the settlers forced his dismissal as governor and he was sent back to Spain as a prisoner, in chains, by order of the new governor Francisco de Bobadilla.
In 1502 he began his fourth and last voyage, trying to find the definitive passage to the Indies.
Columbus was prohibited from being near Hispaniola, which led him to travel and discover the Central American coasts of Honduras, Costa Rica, Nicaragua and Panama.
On this trip there was a storm that sank his four ships and after months of waiting in Jamaica, a ship from Hispaniola came to his rescue and that of his 110 men, undertaking a new journey back to Spain.
Return to Spain and death
Upon arrival you were informed of the death of Isabel de Castilla and appeared before Fernando the Catholic, who received him coldly and without heeding his requests for rewards for all his discoveries.
King Fernando only gave him a town with other possessions and he retired to Valladolid, where he died on May 20, 1520 at age 70.
His remains were buried (after spending a few years in the Convent of San Francisco in Valladolid and in the Chapel of Santa Ana de la Cartuja in Seville) in the Cathedral of Santo Domingo, and transferred to Havana when the French conquered the island in 1975 .
After the Cuban War of Independence in 1898, his remains were transferred to the Cathedral of Seville, where they still rest.
Cover image: choi hyekyung on Stock Photos / Shutterstock
Columbus travel map images: Phirosiberia on Wikimedia