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Unesco World Heritage since 1993, Mérida is a place that we have to know and visit at least once in our lives for being one of the best preserved Roman cities in the world.
The founding of Mérida
It was founded by Publio Carisio by order of the emperor augustus in 25 BC with the name of Augusta Emerita. its objective: that the soldiers of legions V and X could retreat somewhere. Due to the great importance that it quickly took on, it became the capital of the province of Lusitania.
Historical heritage in Mérida
Generally, we travel to Mérida from Madrid, and when we are arriving the first thing that strikes us is the imposing roman circus, founded in the 1st century and located outside the Roman city.
Its measures: 400 meters long and 100 meters wide, ideal for racing chariots and beams.
Once in Merida, we must visit the archaeological site where we will know the true emblem of the city: the roman theater.
Summer is also the best time to visit as you can enjoy one of the exquisite plays performed in it the months of June, July and August, where they represent great classics in a unique environment.
Next to the theater we find the amphitheater, inaugurated in the year 8 a.C. and that it would have a capacity for 14,000 spectators, who came to see gladiatorial fights, against wild beasts and naumaquias.
Its conservation is not the best for a reason: it is the only amphitheater that, instead of being built upwards, was made down, dug into the ground.
In the same enclosure we must see the Mitreo's house, from the 1st century and that belonged to a person with a high position, where we can perfectly distinguish its rooms, among which many rooms, patios and baths are included; and where to appreciate the decoration of the place, with many rooms and two very well preserved mosaics.
We also find the Diana Temple, the only one we found in Mérida. It is dated between the 1st centuries BC. and I AD, being very likely that it was inaugurated in the time of Tiberius.
In turn, we must know the Aqueduct of Miracles, the Aqueduct of San Lázaro and the Arch of Trajan, in addition to the incredible Roman bridge.
Other non-Roman constructions in Mérida
But not only will we set ourselves in Ancient Rome in this city, but we will also find dozens of Visigothic, Arab and medieval buildings, such as the Co-Cathedral of Santa María wave Basilica of Santa Eulalia and Hornito.
Images: Stock Photos on Shutterstock
After studying History at the University and after many previous tests, Red Historia was born, a project that emerged as a means of dissemination where you can find the most important news of archeology, history and humanities, as well as articles of interest, curiosities and much more. In short, a meeting point for everyone where they can share information and continue learning.