Postmasters General

Postmasters General



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The Postmaster General is the executive head of the United States Postal Service.The Office of the Postmaster General was created in 1789. It was not until the administration of Andrew Jackson that the Postmaster General was invited to sit on the president's cabinet. government in charge of postal service.After July 1971, the Postmaster General has been appointed by, and serves under, the Governor of the United States Postal Service, a quasi-governmental agency that replaced the U.S. Post Office the same year.

Dates of Service

Postmaster GeneralAdministration
Articles of Confederation

1775 - 1776

Benjamin FranklinContinental Congress

1776 - 1782

Richard BacheContinental Congress

1782 - 1789

Ebenezer HazardContinental Congress
U.S. Constitution (narrative) (Office of the Postmaster General)

September 26, 1789

Samuel OsgoodGeorge Washington

August 12, 1791

Timothy PickeringGeorge Washington

February 25, 1795

Joseph HabershamGeorge Washington

November 28, 1801

Gideon GrangerThomas Jefferson

March 17, 1814

Return J. Meigs, Jr.James Madison

June 26, 1823

John McLeanJames Monroe
Constitution (text) (Cabinet Position)

March 9, 1829

William T. BarryAndrew Jackson

May 1, 1835

Amos KendallAndrew Jackson

May 19, 1840

John M. NilesMartin Van Buren

March 6, 1841

Francis GrangerWilliam Henry Harrison

September 13, 1841

Charles A. WickliffeJohn Tyler

March 6, 1845

Cave JohnsonJames K. Polk

March 8, 1849

Jacob CollamerZachary Taylor

July 23, 1850

Nathan K. HallMillard Filmore

August 31, 1852

Samuel D. HubbardMillard Filmore

March 7, 1853

James CampbellFranklin Pierce

March 6, 1857

Aaron V. BrownJames Buchanan

March 14, 1859

Joseph HoltJames Buchanan

February 12, 1861

Horatio KingJames Buchanan

March 5, 1861

Montgomery BlairAbraham Lincoln

September 24, 1864

William DennisonAbraham Lincoln

July 25, 1866

Alexander W. RandallAndrew Johnson

March 5, 1869

John A. J. CreswellUlysses S. Grant

July 3, 1874

James W. MarshallUlysses S. Grant

August 24, 1874

Marshall JewellUlysses S. Grant

July 12, 1876

James N. TynerUlysses S. Grant

March 12, 1877

David M. KeyRutherford B. Hayes

June 2, 1880

Horace MaynardRutherford B. Hayes

March 5, 1881

Thomas L. JamesJames A. Garfield

December 20, 1881

Timothy O. HoweChester A. Arthur

April 3, 1883

Walter Q. GreshamChester A. Arthur

October 14, 1884

Frank HattonChester A. Arthur

March 6, 1885

William F. VilasGrover Cleveland

January 6, 1888

Don M. DickinsonGrover Cleveland

March 5, 1889

John WanamakerBenjamin Harrison

March 6, 1893

Wilson S. BissellGrover Cleveland

March 1, 1895

William L. WilsonGrover Cleveland

March 5, 1897

James A. GaryWilliam McKinley

April 21, 1898

Charles Emory SmithWilliam McKinley

January 9, 1902

Henry C. PayneTheodore Roosevelt

October 10, 1904

Robert J. WynneTheodore Roosevelt

March 6, 1905

George B. CortelyouTheodore Roosevelt

January 15, 1907

George von L. MeyerTheodore Roosevelt

March 5, 1909

Frank H. HitchcockWilliam H. Taft

March 5, 1913

Albert S. BurlesonWoodrow Wilson

March 5, 1921

Will H. HaysWarren G. Harding

March 4, 1922

Hubert WorkWarren G. Harding

February 27, 1923

Harry S. NewWarren G. Harding

March 5, 1929

Walter F. BrownHerbert Hoover

March 4, 1933

James A. FarleyFranklin D. Roosevelt

September 10, 1940

Frank C. WalkerFranklin D. Roosevelt

May 8, 1945

Robert E. HanneganHarry S. Truman

December 16, 1947

Jesse M. DonaldsonHarry S. Truman

January 21, 1953

Arthur E. SummerfieldDwight D. Eisenhower

January 21, 1961

J. Edward DayJohn F. Kennedy

September 30, 1963

John A. GronouskiJohn F. Kennedy

November 3, 1965

Lawrence F. O'BrienLyndon B. Johnson

April 26, 1968

W. Marvin WatsonLyndon B. Johnson

January 22, 1969

Winton M. BlountRichard M. Nixon

United States Postal Service privatized
(Non-Cabinet Postion)

1972 - 1975

E. T. KlassenUnited States Postal Service

1975 - 1978

Benjamin F. BailarUnited States Postal Service

1978 - 1985

William F. BolgerUnited States Postal Service

1985 - 1986

Paul N. CarlinUnited States Postal Service

1986

Albert V. CaseyUnited States Postal Service

1986 - 1988

Preston R. TischUnited States Postal Service

1988 - 1992

Anthony M. FrankUnited States Postal Service

1992 - 1998

Marvin T. RunyonUnited States Postal Service

1998 - 2001

William J. HendersonUnited States Postal Service

2001 -

John E. PotterUnited States Postal Service

Louis DeJoy

Louis DeJoy (born c. 1957) is an American businessman serving as the 75th U.S. Postmaster General. He was appointed in May 2020 by the Board of Governors of the United States Postal Service. Prior to the appointment, he was the founder and CEO of a successful logistics and freight company, which was later acquired by a much larger shipping and logistics company of which he was a board member and shareholder. Those companies still currently hold active service contracts with the USPS.

Upon assuming office in June 2020, he instituted a 10 year strategic plan that would bring the USPS back to financial stability using a number of “back to basics” measures such as banning overtime, forbidding late or extra trips to deliver mail, removing and dismantling hundreds of high-speed mail-sorting machines, and removing some mail collection boxes from streets. These changes caused unexpected delays of mail delivery. Investigations by congressional committees and the USPS inspector general were conducted to ascertain the impact of those changes as they correlated to those delays as well as the effectiveness of the 10 year plan.

The changes were implemented during the COVID-19 pandemic and the 2020 election. In August, DeJoy said that the changes would be suspended, and in October, the USPS agreed to reverse all the changes.


Records of Post Office Locations

Information about the physical location of post offices is found in National Archives Microfilm Publication M1126, Post Office Department Records of Site Locations, 1837-1950 (683 rolls). The quantity and quality of information about each post office varies but it may be useful for learning more about an ancestor's community.

Early site reports are relatively infrequent and often contain little information. An undated report for Frostville, Cuyahoga County, OH, for example, simply states that neighboring post offices are Rockport, which is 7 miles northeast, and Copopa, which is 6 miles south. It also states that the Frostville post office is on the west side of the Rockey [sic] River, 7 1/2 miles from its mouth at Lake Erie.

Site reports become more common and more informative after 1870. Information generally includes the post office's proximity to nearby rivers, creeks, postal routes, railroad stations, and to other post offices. Many postmasters requested permission to move the post office to a more convenient location. They frequently submitted maps with the site reports. Most maps relating to rural post offices are hand-drawn, while many relating to cities are annotated copies of published street maps, especially after 1900.

These maps vary in content. For example, postmaster J.K. McNutt of Eagleville, Ashtabula County, OH, submitted a hand-drawn map in 1889 showing nine townships covering a 225 square mile area. He included the position of his post office in relation to two railroad lines several roads, rivers, and creeks and one dozen other post offices. The postal site reports for Dorset, Ashtabula County, OH, include an undated map, probably circa 1905, of the commercial area of Dorset Township. The map shows the locations of the current and proposed post office sites, two churches, a cheese factory, two hotels, two stores, and the railroad depot. The Dorset postmaster wanted to move the post office from the south end of the commercial district to its center.


Index to Microfilm Rolls

Roll Number, Inclusive Dates

Roll 1: October 3, 1789 - June 12, 1792
Roll 2: June 13, 1792 - October 27, 1793
Roll 3: September 27, 1793 - October 27, 1794
Roll 4: October 29, 1794 - January 25, 1796
Roll 5: January 30 - November 25, 1796
Roll 6: November 24, 1796 - October 14, 1797
Roll 7: October 14, 1797 - October 13, 1798
Roll 8: October 12, 1798 - May 8, 1799
Roll 9: May 8, 1799 - March 4, 1800
Roll 10: March 3, 1800 - August 6, 1801
Roll 11: August 7, 1801 - January 25, 1803
Roll 12: January 24, 1803 - March 16, 1804
Roll 13: March 16, 1804 - April 17, 1806
Roll 14: April 12, 1806 - October 30, 1807
Roll 15: October 30, 1807 - June 23, 1809
Roll 16: June 24, 1809 - July 20, 1811
Roll 17: July 23, 1811 - March 12, 1813
Roll 18: March 13, 1813 - December 15, 1814
Roll 19: December 15, 1814 - March 12, 1816
Roll 20: March 12, 1816 - December 13, 1817
Roll 21: December 13, 1817 - May 11, 1819
Roll 22: May 11, 1819 - December 12, 1820
Roll 23: December 12, 1820 - December 26, 1821
Roll 24: December 27, 1821 - December 30, 1822
Roll 25: January 3 - August 23, 1823
Roll 26: August 21, 1823 - March 30, 1824
Roll 27: August 29, 1823 - April 9, 1824
Roll 28: December 23, 1823 - January 26, 1827
Roll 29: March 30, 1824 - January 25, 1825
Roll 30: April 9, 1824 - September 9, 1825
Roll 31: January 26 - August 23, 1825
Roll 32: March 14 - October 18, 1825
Roll 33: August 23, 1825 - March 28, 1826
Roll 34: September 12, 1825 - March 12, 1827
Roll 35: October 18, 1825 - August 10, 1826
Roll 36: March 29 - December 20, 1826
Roll 37: December 21, 1826 - May 8, 1827
Roll 38: January 25, 1827 - January 30, 1830
Roll 39: May 9 - November 24, 1827
Roll 40: March 21 - December 20, 1827
Roll 41: December 19, 1827 - May 12, 1828
Roll 42: May 12 - October 15, 1828
Roll 43: October 15, 1828 - May 12, 1829
Roll 44: May 21 - December 14, 1829
Roll 45: December 14, 1829 - October 18, 1830
Roll 46: February 1, 1830 - March 19, 1832
Roll 47: October 18, 1830 - December 20, 1832
Roll 48: December 22, 1832 - June 9, 1834
Roll 49: June 9, 1834 - March 8, 1836
Roll 50: March 10 - December 31, 1836

    National Archives microfilm publications are available from our "Product Sales Section."

Bibliographic note: Web version based on Pamphlet Accompanying M601, Letters Sent By The Postmaster General, 1789 - 1836. General Services Administration, Washington, DC: National Archives and Records Service, 1965. 5 pages.

This page was last reviewed on August 15, 2016.
Contact us with questions or comments.


U.S. postal system established

On July 26, 1775, the U.S. postal system is established by the Second Continental Congress, with Benjamin Franklin as its first postmaster general. Franklin (1706-1790) put in place the foundation for many aspects of today’s mail system.

During early colonial times in the 1600s, few American colonists needed to send mail to each other it was more likely that their correspondence was with letter writers in Britain. Mail deliveries from across the Atlantic were sporadic and could take many months to arrive. There were no post offices in the colonies, so mail was typically left at inns and taverns. 

In 1753, Benjamin Franklin, who had been postmaster of Philadelphia, became one of two joint postmasters general for the colonies. He made numerous improvements to the mail system, including setting up new, more efficient colonial routes and cutting delivery time in half between Philadelphia and New York by having the weekly mail wagon travel both day and night via relay teams. Franklin also debuted the first rate chart, which standardized delivery costs based on distance and weight. 

In 1774, the British fired Franklin from his postmaster job because of his revolutionary activities. However, the following year, he was appointed postmaster general of the United Colonies by the Continental Congress. Franklin held the job until late in 1776, when he was sent to France as a diplomat. He left a vastly improved mail system, with routes from Florida to Maine and regular service between the colonies and Britain. President George Washington appointed Samuel Osgood, a former Massachusetts congressman, as the first postmaster general of the American nation under the new U.S. constitution in 1789. At the time, there were approximately 75 post offices in the country.

Today, the United States has over 40,000 post offices and the postal service delivers 212 billion pieces of mail each year to over 144 million homes and businesses in the United States, Puerto Rico, Guam, the American Virgin Islands and American Samoa. The postal service is the nation’s largest civilian employer, with roughly 500,000 career workers. The postal service is a not-for-profit, self-supporting agency that covers its expenses through postage (stamp use in the United States started in 1847) and related products. The postal service gets the mail delivered, rain or shine, using everything from planes to mules. 


Postmasters General - History

US Post Office, 1789 to 1875

Assistant Postmasters General

Don Heller, 9 October 2019

  • This document is a "draft for public comment" -- it isn't finished yet, and its current location is not permanent.
  • If you have a suggestion of something to add, subtract, rewrite or reformat, please send email to dheller5720 'at' yahoo.com .
  • [First] Assistant Postmaster General, since 1782 and 1789
  • Second Assistant Postmaster General, since 1810 (Act of 30 April 1810 Act of 3 Mar. 1825)
    • Senior and Junior, later First and Second.
    • 1782, Ordinance for regulating the Post Office
      • There is a draft version which allowed two assistants, for the eastern and southern departments (link).
      1. Appointment Branch
      2. Finance
      3. Contracts and Transportation, Chief Clerk
        • PMGs McLean and Barry recommended this position be upgraded to Asst. PMG
      1. Book-keepers, Solicitor's Office, Pay Office, Examiner's Office, Register's Office
      2. Appointment Office, Dead Letter Office, Office of Instruction and Mail Depredations
      3. Office of Mail Contracts, Office of the Chief Clerk
      1. Appointment Office
      2. Contract Office
      3. Inspection Office
      • Contract Office
      • Appointment Office
      • Inspection Office
      • Amos Kendall suggested four Assistant PMG's would be appropriate (283 S.doc. 362, May 9, 1836 318 S.doc. 436, May 15, 1838).
      1. Contract Office
      2. Appointment Office
      3. Inspection Office
      • Auditor's Office, in the Treasury Dept.
      1. Appointment Office
      2. Contract Office
      3. Finance Office
      • Inspection Office, Chief Clerk
      1. Appointment Division, Bond Division, Salary and Allowance Division, Free Delivery, Blank Agency Division
      2. Contract Division, Inspection Division, Mail-Equipment Division
      3. Division of Finance, Division of Postage-Stamps and Stamped Envelopes, Division of Registered Letters, Division of Dead Letters, Superintendent of Foreign Mails, Superintendent of Money-Order System
      • Bureau of Post Office Operations renamed Bureau of Operations, effective 1 July 1957
      • Bureau of Transportation
      • Bureau of Finance
      • Bureau of Facilities

      date, yr m/d
      First / Senior
      Second / Junior
      Third
      ref
      1782, 1/28
      James Bryson


      journals
      1789, 10/5
      Jonathan Burrall


      [B]
      1792
      (Prosper Wetmore)


      news
      1792
      Charles Burrall


      PGR
      1794
      Charles Burrall


      USR
      1800
      Abraham Bradley, jr.

      PGR
      1802, 2/12
      Abraham Bradley, jr.

      OR
      1810
      Abraham Bradley, jr. Seth Pease
      PGR
      1813, 3/3
      Abraham Bradley, jr. Seth Pease
      OR
      1816, 9/30
      Abraham Bradley, jr. Seth Pease
      OR
      1817, 9/30
      Abraham Bradley, jr. Seth Pease

      OR
      1818
      Abraham Bradley, jr. Phineas Bradley
      PGR
      1819, 9/30
      Abraham Bradley, jr. Phineas Bradley
      OR
      1820
      Abraham Bradley, jr. Phineas Bradley
      NC
      1821, 9/30
      Abraham Bradley, jr. Phineas Bradley
      OR
      1822
      Abraham Bradley, jr. Phineas Bradley
      NC
      1823, 9/30
      Abraham Bradley, jr.
      Phineas Bradley
      OR
      1824
      Abraham Bradley, jr. Phineas Bradley
      NC
      1825, 9/30
      Abraham Bradley Phineas Bradley
      OR
      1827, 9/30
      Abraham Bradley
      Phineas Bradley

      OR
      1828
      Abraham Bradley Phineas Bradley
      NC
      1829
      Abraham Bradley Phineas Bradley
      NC
      1829, 9/30
      Charles K. Gardner Selah R. Hobbie
      (Obadiah B. Brown) OR
      1829-30
      Charles K. Gardner Selah R. Hobbie (Obadiah B. Brown) CD
      1830, 5
      Charles K. Gardner Selah R. Hobbie (Obadiah B. Brown) ASP p.254-256
      1831, 9/30
      Charles K. Gardner Selah R. Hobbie (Obadiah B. Brown)
      OR
      1833, 9/30
      Charles K. Gardner Selah R. Hobbie (Obadiah B. Brown) OR
      1835, 9/30
      Charles K. Gardner
      Selah R. Hobbie (Robert Johnston)
      OR
      1836, 7
      Selah R. Hobbie Robert Johnston Daniel Coleman [A]
      1837, 9/30
      Selah R. Hobbie
      Robert Johnston
      Daniel Coleman OR
      1838
      Selah R. Hobbie Robert Johnston Daniel Coleman CD
      1839, 9/30
      Selah R. Hobbie Robert Johnston
      Daniel Coleman
      OR
      1840
      Selah R. Hobbie Robert Johnston Daniel Coleman CD, W
      1841
      Selah R. Hobbie Philo C. Fuller John S. Skinner CD
      1841, 9/30
      Selah R. Hobbie Philo C. Fuller
      John S. Skinner OR
      1842
      Selah R. Hobbie Philo C. Fuller John S. Skinner W
      1843, 9/30
      Selah R. Hobbie John A. Bryan
      John S. Skinner
      OR
      1843-44
      Selah R. Hobbie J. Washington Tyson John S. Skinner CD
      1844
      Selah R. Hobbie John S. Skinner N. Miller H.rp.
      1845, 9/30
      Selah R. Hobbie William Medill
      N.M. Miller
      OR
      1846
      Selah R. Hobbie William J. Brown N.M. Miller CD
      1847, 9/30
      Selah R. Hobbie William J. Brown
      John Marron OR
      1849, 9/30
      Selah R. Hobbie Fitz Henry Warren John Marron OR
      1851, 9/30
      Solomon D. Jacobs
      Fitz Henry Warren
      John Marron OR
      1853, 9/30
      Selah R. Hobbie
      William H. Dundas John Marron OR
      1855, 9/30
      Horatio King William H. Dundas John Marron OR
      1857, 7/13
      Horatio King William H. Dundas John Marron LPO
      1857, 9/30
      Horatio King William H. Dundas John Marron
      OR
      1859, 4/1
      Horatio King William H. Dundas Alexander N. Zevely LPO
      1859, 9/30
      Horatio King
      William H. Dundas
      Alexander N. Zevely OR
      1861, 9/30
      John A. Kasson
      George W. McLellan Alexander N. Zevely OR
      1862, 11
      Alexander W. Randall George W. McLellan Alexander N. Zevely Blue Book
      1863, 9/30
      Alexander W. Randall
      George W. McLellan Alexander N. Zevely
      OR
      1865, 9/30
      Alexander W. Randall
      George W. McLellan Alexander N. Zevely OR
      1866, 10/1
      Alexander W. Randall George W. McLellan Alexander N. Zevely LPO
      1867, 9/30
      St. John B.L. Skinner
      George W. McLellan
      Alexander N. Zevely
      OR
      1869

      Giles A. Smith
      [C]
      1869, 3/29
      George Earle



      1869, 4/16


      (A.H. Markland)

      1869, 9/30
      James W. Marshall Giles A. Smith
      W.H.H. Terrell OR
      1870, 9/1
      James W. Marshall Giles A. Smith W.H.H. Terrell LPO
      1871, 9/30
      James W. Marshall John L. Routt W.H.H. Terrell
      OR
      1873, 9/30
      James W. Marshall John L. Routt
      E.W. Barber OR
      1874
      James H. Marr, acting



      1874, 10/1
      James W. Marshall
      Jno. L. Routt
      Edward W. Barber
      PG
      1875, 9/30
      James W. Marshall
      James N. Tyner E.W. Barber
      OR
      1876, 11/4
      James H. Marr, acting Thomas J. Brady E.W. Barber PGR 1876
      1877, 9/30
      James N. Tyner
      Thomas J. Brady
      A.D. Hazen
      OR
      etc.




      • 1782, see notes on James Bryson
      • Sep. 22, 1789, An Act for the temporary establishment of the Post-Office, 1 Stat. 70, authorizing an "assistant or clerk and deputies".
      • Feb. 20, 1792, An Act to establish the Post-Office and Post Roads within the United States, 1 Stat. 232, Sec. 3, "authority to appoint an assistant, and deputy postmasters".
      • Mar. 2, 1799, An Act to establish the Post-Office of the United States, 1 Stat. 733, Sec. 1, "shall appoint an assistant".
      • Apr. 30, 1810, An Act regulating the Post-office Establishment, 2 Stat. 592, Sec. 1, "shall appoint two assistants", the "senior assistant" to act as PMG when necessary.
      • Jan. 13, 1830, PMG W.T. Barry recommended a third Asst. PMG (link).
      • July 2, 1836, An Act to change the organization of the Post Office Department, and to provide more effectually for the settlement of the accounts thereof, 5 Stat. 80 Sec. 20, authorizing "a third Assistant Postmaster General" Sec. 40, the "First Assistant Postmaster General" to act as PMG when necessary.
        • also, Auditor of the Treasury for the Post Office Department, 5 Stat. 80, Sec. 8.
        • USR = The United States Register, Philadelphia, 1794 and 1795
        • OR = Rolls (1802, 1813), Official Register (1816-1959)
        • CD = Congressional Directory
        • NC = National Calendar (1820-36)
        • W = Watterston (1840, 1842)
        • PG = Postal Guide, Oct. 1874 - 1954
        • PGR = Postmaster General, Annual Report (1919, 1970, etc.)
        • LPO = List of Post Offices (1866, 1870)
        • H.doc., H.exdoc., H.misdoc., H.rp. = House of Representatives, document, executive document, miscellaneous document, report
          • given with a volume number of the US Serial Set, and a document/report number

          [B] Elisha Whittlesey, Post Office Facilities, The American Pioneer, Cincinnati, Jan. 1843, vol. 2, p. 460-463 (link).

          [C] The Proper Agents of Reform, The Chicago Tribune, May 24, 1872, http://archives.chicagotribune.com/.
          Chorpenning Again, The Chicago Tribune, Aug. 19, 1872, http://archives.chicagotribune.com/.
          The Chorpenning Case, The Telegraph, Houston, Texas, Aug. 29, 1872, http://texashistory.unt.edu/.

          [D] Charles S. Bradley, A Sketch of the Bradleys of Washington, 1902, http://archive.org/details/sketchofbradleys00lcbrad
          same, The Bradley Family and the Times in which they Lived, 1902, http://books.google.com/books?id=Bfo7AAAAIAAJ
          Abraham and Phineas Bradley, in A Biographical History of the County of Litchfield, Connecticut, 1851, p. 154-160, http://books.google.com/books?id=b_EnAQAAMAAJ

          [E] The Philadelphia Directory, 1791, p. 158. (Evans 23205)
          The staff of the General Post Office, now located in Philadelphia at 9 So. Water St., consisted of Samuel Osgood, Postmaster General, still residing in New York Jonathan Burrall, Assistant Postmaster General and Charles Burrall, Clerk.

          [F] Letter of PMG, W.T. Barry, Jan. 1, 1835, in Examination of the Post Office, Feb. 13, 1835, 277 H.rp. 103, p. 851-864. This contains an extensive description of duties assigned to the Assistant PMG's, clerks, etc. with the organizational structures in 1831, 1833 and 1835.

          [R] Register of Employees in the Post-Office Department, July 1, 1907. Historical Register of the Post-Office Department, p. 3-13. Previous editions, 1893, 1896, 1898, 1901, 1904, 1906.

          [S] Daniel A. Piazza, Introduction to the Stamp Design Files, Third Assistant Postmaster General's Office, http://www.sil.si.edu/DigitalCollections/npm/essays.cfm

          [T] Stamp Smarter, Postmasters General and Assistant Postmasters General, http://www.stampsmarter.com/learning/ID_Postmasters.html

          • Poore's PMG list is completely correct, but his Asst. PMG list is deficient
          • Lanman/Morrison, 1869/1876/1887, gives only the appointment year, and is unreliable on several points
          • Meschter's dates are often given without reference, and some are clearly guesswork.
          • Lists of those receiving salaries in the quarter ending Dec. 31, 1844.
          • Asst. Postmaster Generals, Selah R. Hobbie, John S. Skinner, N. Miller
          • Nathan K. Hall, Postmaster General
          • Solomon D. Jacobs, First Assistant Postmaster General, Mail Arrangement
          • Fitz Henry Warren, Second Assistant Postmaster General, Appointments
          • John Marron, Third Assistant Postmaster General, Finances
          • William H. Dundas, Chief Clerk, Inspection of Mail Service
          • John W. Farrelly, Auditor of the Treasury for the Post Office Department, Settlement of Accounts
          • Nathan K. Hall, Postmaster General
          • Solomon D. Jacobs, First Assistant Postmaster General, Appointment Office
          • Fitz Henry Warren, Second Assistant Postmaster General, Contract Office
          • John Marron, Third Assistant Postmaster General, Finance Office
          • William H. Dundas, Chief Clerk, Inspection Office
          • John W. Farrelly, Auditor
          • 3rd Asst. PMG, nominated and confirmed Mar. 17, 1873 [SEJ v.19 p.64,73,74], resigned May 1877
            • in office, Oct. 1874 [PG]
            • "The year 1861 was the last year of my residence in the town, an election as clerk of Eaton county in 1860, as clerk of the house of representatives in the State legislature in 1861 and 1863, the appointment as Reading Clerk of the national house of representatives in 1864, as Supervisor of Internal Revenue for Michigan and Wisconsin in 1869 and as Third Assistant Postmaster General in 1873, taking me away permanently still it is the one place on earth that has the associations and charms of home." (p. 47, link)
            • He joined the Post Office Dept. (in Philadelphia) as Timothy Pickering's confidential clerk in 1791, and was appointed Asst. PMG in 1799. With the rest of the government, he relocated to Washington, DC, in May 1800. [D]
              • in 1794, Clerk (The United States Register, Philadelphia, for the year 1794, p. 82, and for 1795, p. 81).
                • The Preface dates are Jan. 1794 and Nov. 1794.
                • in Nov. 1796 (Morse, American Gazetteer, 1797)
                • Meschter refers to "the Assistant Postmaster General's letter book", presumably in the National Archives no reference is given.
                • Abraham Bradley, is appointed assistant postmaster general, vice Charles Burrall, resigned.
                • similar, in other papers, at later dates
                • Bradley left Philadelphia May 27, arriving in Washington May 29 (link) also, (link)
                • PMG Habersham was in Georgia at the time (link).
                • Union Bank of Georgetown, appointed President Jan. 1814, re-elected 1819
                • news reports, Sep. 15, 1829, from the National Intelligencer
                • ". the functions of Abraham Bradley, Esq., as Assistant Postmaster General will cease from and after this date."
                • Succeeded by Charles K. Gardner.
                • He was a Federalist, and was swept out after the election of Andrew Jackson.
                • 1803-1887
                • joined the Post Office in 1792 as a clerk Asst. PMG in 1800
                • Abraham Bradley, Sr., the father of Abraham, Jr., and Phineas, died in 1824.
                • Abraham Bradley, 3d, son of Abraham, Jr., died in June 1827 he was employed by the Post office in 1813 [Rolls] to . [OR].
                • Clerk in 1800 at the time of the move from Philadelphia to Washington [ASP Finance vol. 1, p. 813, link]
                • arrived in Washington, 1801 [D]
                • Clerk, in 1813 [Rolls]
                • Principal Clerk, in 1816, 1817
                • promoted to Asst. PMG, Oct., 1818, after the resignation of Seth Pease (newspaper reports)
                • Brother of Abraham Bradley, Jr. a medical doctor
                • first appointed to the Post Office in 1799 removed in Sep. 1829 [ASP p. 333]
                  • Like his brother, he was a Federalist, and was swept out after the election of Andrew Jackson.
                  • Phineas Jones Bradley was the second son of Dr. Phineas Bradley he died in July 1828.
                  • 1794-1867 portrait (link) Wikipedia
                  • US Consul in St. Thomas, West Indies, nominated and confirmed, Dec. 1870 [SEJ v.17 p.553,584]
                  • Supervisor of Internal Revenue, recess appointment, nominated Dec. 6, 1875 [SEJ v.20 p.81] confirmed Dec. 14, 1875 [SEJ v.20 p.110]
                  • 2nd Asst. PMG, nominated July 22, 1876 [SEJ v.20 p.289], in place of James N. Tyner, appointed PMG confirmed July 24, 1876 [SEJ v.20 p.291]
                  • [SEJ v.23 p.58]
                  • Clerk, 1816
                  • Chief Clerk
                  • The Third Division, before creation of the office of Third Assistant Postmaster General, was led by Obadiah B. Brown and Robert Johnston.
                  • 2nd Asst. PMG, from Oct. 1, 1842 [OR 1843]
                  • Cleveland Herald, Oct. 3, 1842, "The appointment of John A. Bryan to this responsible office [Second Assistant Postmaster General] is in perfect keeping with Tylerism. If office under Mr. Tyler be the reward for foul abuse of the Whigs and Whig principles, Mr. Bryan is truly deserving. . Mr. Fuller probably did not consult the whims of Mr. Tyler in all cases, so off with his head." (link)
                  • The New World, New York, June 3, 1843 (link)
                  • Jan. 28, 1782, elected assistant to PMG Ebenezer Hazard
                    • Bryson had been a surveyor of the post office at least since Nov. 1777 (ref). In the British and early American systems, a surveyor would visit and report on the operations of the post office, with the goal of identifying problems and making suggestions for improvements.
                    • Journals of the Continental Congress, 1777, IX, 860 1778, X, 360 1779, XV, 1203 1780, XVII, 553
                    • Pennsylvania Packet, Philadelphia, Apr. 17, 1779, General Post Office notice, signed "James Bryson, Surveyor of the Post-Offices, Middle District".
                    • Congress proceeded to the election of a postmaster general and, the ballots being taken, Mr. Ebenezer Hazard was elected, having been previously nominated by Mr. [Roger] Sherman: Mr. James Bryson was elected assistant or clerk to the postmaster general, having been previously nominated by Mr. [Abraham] Clark.
                    • A letter of January 31 from Ebenezer Hazard, accepting the office of Postmaster General. A letter of January 31, from James Bryson, accepting appointment as assistant or clerk to the Postmaster General.
                    • On the 28th ult. [Jan. 28] Congress appointed Ebenezer Hazard, esquire, post-master general, and James Bryson, esquire, assistant post-master general. We hear that Congress have reduced postage to the peace price.
                    • An Ordinance for Regulating the Post Office of the United States of America.
                    • A broadside, signed James Bryson, Assistant, excerpting the Ordinance of Oct. 18.
                    • Published in the Pennsylvania Packet, Oct. 26, 1782.
                    • in the Pennsylvania Packet, Feb. 5, 1782 (cited above) Oct. 26, 1782 Nov. 9 and 16, 1782 May 29, 1788
                    • in the Pennsylvania Gazette, June 4, 1783 Sep. 15, 1784 Sep. 28, 1785
                    • in the Pennsylvania Journal, Dec. 7, 1782 Jan. 11, 1783 Aug. 6, 1783 Jan. 17, 1784 Sep. 24, 1785 Dec. 12, 1787
                    • in the Pennsylvania Mercury, Sep. 22, 1786 Nov. 24, 1786
                    • in the New York Morning Post, Oct. 5, 1786
                    • in the New York Journal, Aug. 9, 1787
                    • in the Pennsylvania Gazette, Dec. 20, 1786 Jan. 10, 1787 Aug. 6, 1788 Jan. 7, 1789
                    • in the Pennsylvania Journal, Jan. 28, 1786 Feb. 2, 1786 . Sep. 12, 1789
                    • in the Independent Gazette, Philadelphia, Jan. 28, 1786
                    • Robert Patton was Philadelphia postmaster in Dec. 1789
                    • in the Independent Gazetteer, Philadelphia, Oct. 26, 1782
                    • See next for Burrall family tree.
                    • In 1786, a "clerk in the Offices of the Commissioners of the five great departments" (ref).
                      • Was this position associated with his brother Jonathan Burrall?
                      • "Resolved, by ten states, That the board of treasury take Order for paying to James Burnside, Doyle Sweeny, Robert Underwood, William Simmons, Charles Burral, Charles Garvis and Thomas Benedict, who were employed as clerks in the Offices of the Commissioners of the five great departments, their salaries, from the 15 of April last, to the time when the books and papers of the respective departments were delivered over to the present Commissioners . ". Journals of the Continental Congress, Oct. 12, 1786, vol. 31, p. 771.
                      • appointed Aug. 12, 1791 [Meschter]
                      • but, on p. 176, Timothy Pickering, PMG Jonathan Burrall, Asst. PMG Robert Patton, Postmaster [of Philadelphia]
                      • the same error persists in 1794, and is corrected in 1796
                      • The Preface dates are Jan. 1794 and Nov. 1794.
                      • Journal of the Senate, Mar. 26, 1798
                      • See also, letter of April 18, 1798 (link)
                      • Feb. 1802 [OR]
                      • Abraham Bradley, is appointed assistant postmaster general, vice Charles Burrall, resigned.
                      • in the Providence Gazette, May 30, 1795
                      • in a letter, June 24, 1795 (link) Apr. 18, 1798 (link)
                      • in the Federal Gazette, Feb. 13, 1800 May 20, 1800
                      • in the civil roll, 1802, PM since 1800
                      • LCP, http://pacscl.exlibrisgroup.com:48992/F?func=direct&doc_number=000051764

                      • from [New] Canaan, Litchfield County, Connecticut.
                        • William Burrall, 1680-1723
                          + [Col.] Charles Burrall, 1720-1803
                          + Charles Burrall, 1751-1820
                          + Jonathan Burrall, 1759-1805
                          + Jonathan Burrall, 1721-1772
                          + Jonathan Burrall, 1753-1834
                          + Charles Burrall, 1762-1836
                        • Journals of the Continental Congress, vol. 30, p. 135
                        • Quartermaster, Commissary, Hospital, Marine, Clothier


                        • news reports, Gazette of the United States, Oct. 7, 1789 Pennsylvania Packet, Oct. 9, 1789 etc.
                        • historical review, with quotes from correspondence, http://books.google.com/books?id=C4EbAQAAMAAJ
                        • news reports, The Mail (Philadelphia), Feb. 9, 1792
                        • Prosper Wetmore was proposed, but not appointed, to replace Burrall.
                        • New York Branch of the Bank of the United States
                        • Journal of the Senate, 16 Dec. 1793 (link)
                        • b. 1753 d. 18 Nov. 1834, Goshen, NY
                        • 3rd Asst. PMG, in office Oct. 1840, http://books.google.com/books?id=O2ZHAQAAIAAJ
                        • 2nd Asst. PMG, removed in 1841 (between Mar. 4 and July 16) [404 H.doc. 170, p. 115]
                        • Clerk, Mail Contracts, in 1831, 1833, 1835
                        • Principal Clerk, in 1837, 1839, 1841, 1843, 1845
                        • Chief Clerk, in 1847, 1849, 1851
                        • temporary Assistant PMG, in place of Fitz Henry Warren (NY Times, May 28, 1852)
                        • not found in SEJ
                        • PMG Creswell's former law partner, he was deeply involved with the Chorpenning case [C].
                        • 1st Asst. PMG, nominated Mar. 29, 1869, confirmed Apr. 3, 1869 [SEJ v.17 p.34,35,37,72-73]
                        • resigned Dec. 1869, replaced by James W. Marshall [SEJ v.17 p.292]

                  • former Speaker of the Assembly of Michigan (until Apr. 3, 1841), and former Congressman from New York, Fuller was a Whig political appointment in Mar. 1841, concurrently with John S. Skinner (3rd Asst. PMG)
                  • 2nd Asst. PMG, to Sep. 30, 1842 [OR 1843]
                  • Resigned, effective Oct. 1, 1842
                    • Adjutant General, US Army, 1816 [SEJ v.3 p. 50]
                      • Adj. gen. & col. bvt. [OR 1816]
                      • but Abraham Bradley had not been dismissed by that date
                      • portrait (link)
                      • 1849, replaced by William A. Bradley, son of Phineas Bradley and nephew of Abraham Bradley
                      • Clerk, in 1867, 1869, 1871, 1873 Chief of Division of Postal Stamps, 1875
                      • Chief of Division of Postage Stamps and Stamped Envelopes and Postal Cards
                        • in office, Oct. 1874 [PG]
                        • nominated Oct. 16, 1877 [SEJ v.21 p. 44] confirmed Oct. 23, 1877 [SEJ v.21 p. 713]
                        • Member of Congress, 1827-29
                        • 2nd Asst. PMG, appointed Mar. 4, 1829 [Meschter]
                          • but Phineas Bradley had not been dismissed by that date, so Meschter is just guessing about "Mar. 4" (Andrew Jackson's inauguration day)
                          • see also, Niles' Register, Nov. 21, 1829, vol. 37, p. 196 (link) Dec. 5, 1829, vol. 37, p. 235 (link)
                          • already in office Sep. 30, 1829 [OR]
                          • Acting PMG, 1 Oct. to 11 Oct. 1841 (also earlier?)
                          • resigned, poor health, Apr. 1, 1851 Meschter has more details
                          • succeeded by Solomon D. Jacobs
                          • This was the first instance of an Asst. PMG being confirmed by the Senate under the law of Mar. 3, 1853.
                          • 1st Asst. PMG, appointed Jan. 23, 1851 (Brooklyn Daily Eagle, Jan. 25, 1851, link)
                            • Washington, Jan. 23, 1851, Solomon D. Jacobs, of Tennessee, has been appointed first Assistant Postmaster General, vice Hobbie resigned.
                            • Accountant, Third Division, in 1835 (from May 8, to July 2, 1836)
                            • Chief Clerk, July 14-31, 1836
                            • 2nd Asst. PMG, from 1836 (July 2?, which was when C.K. Gardner went to Treasury) to 1841 (between Mar. 4 and July 16) [404 H.doc. 170, p. 115]
                            • 1st Asst. PMG, nominated Mar. 6, 1861 confirmed Mar. 8, 1861 [SEJ v.11 p. 291-292]
                            • resigned, end of July, 1862 (NY Times, Aug. 1, 1862)
                            • American Philatelist, Apr. 1992, p. 331-335
                            • Clerk, in 1839 (from Mar. 15), 1840, 1841, 1842, 1843, 1844, 1845, 1846, 1847, 1848, 1849, 1850, 1851, 1853
                            • 1851, Superintendent of the General Post Office Building, July 1 - Nov. 15
                            • 1853, Disbursing Clerk and Superintendent of the Post Office Building
                            • [Vexler] Superintendent of Foreign Mail Service, 1850
                            • [Smith] head of the Bureau of Foreign Mails
                            • 1st Asst. PMG, appt. 28 Mar. 1854, after death of Hobbie
                              • nominated, Mar. 27, 1854 [SEJ v.9 p.270]
                              • confirmed, Mar. 28, 1854 [SEJ v.9 p.271]
                              • took office Mar. 30, 1854 [H.doc]
                              • 3rd Asst. PMG, nominated, Apr. 16, 1869 [SEJ v.17 p.192,196] to replace A.N. Zevely
                              • reported from committee without recommendation, Apr. 20, 1869 [SEJ v.17 p.230]
                              • no confirmation vote was taken, so he did not take office
                              • Post Office dept., July 1869 to Oct. 1874
                                • from the Official Register,
                                • 1861, 1863, 1865, in the list of Special Agents
                                • 1867, not listed
                                • 1869, in the list of Special Agents
                                • 1871, in the list of Special Agents, as Assistant Superintendent of postal railway service, one of seven
                                • 1873, in the list of Special Agents, as Superintendent of railway mail service, one of eight
                                • 1875, 1877, not found
                                • Chief Clerk, Appointment Office first appointed 27 May 1867 [1987 S.exdoc.42, 1882]
                                • 1870, Chief Clerk, Appointment Office [LPO]
                                • 1874, Chief Clerk, Appointment Office [Blue Book]
                                • James H. Marr, appt. interim 1st Asst. PMG, 7 Jul. 1874, while James W. Marshall was PMG [Poore]
                                • Oct. 1874, Chief Clerk, Office of the 1st Asst. PMG [PG]
                                • Clerk, Pay Office, in 1830 (from May 17), 1831, 1832 Appointments Office, in 1833, 1834, 1835 [OR, H.doc]
                                • Chief Clerk, in 1837, 1838, 1839, 1840, 1841, 1842, 1843, 1844, 1845, 1846 [OR, CD, W]
                                • 3rd Asst. PMG, appointed 1846
                                • died, March 1859 [SEJ v.11 p.73]
                                • 1st Asst. PMG, in office Sep. 30, 1869 [OR], appointed Dec. 1, 1869 [Poore], nominated Dec. 5, 1869 [SEJ v.17 p.292,308,313], confirmed Dec. 21, 1869 [SEJ v.17 p.326-327]
                                • PMG, July 7 to Aug. 31, 1874 (without being nominated, see the Postmasters General file)
                                • 1st Asst. PMG, appointed Aug. 24, 1874 [Poore], nominated Dec. 15, 1874, confirmed Dec. 17, 1874 [SEJ v.19 p.429,431,438-439,441], in office Oct. 1, 1874 [PG] (from Virginia)
                                • Superintendent of the Railway Mail Service, until 1880
                                • 2nd Asst. PMG, nominated Mar. 8, 1861, confirmed Mar. 13, 1861 [SEJ v.11 p.292-294,303]
                                • removed from office Mar. 1869, in favor of Giles A. Smith [SEJ v.17 p.19]
                                • 2nd Asst, PMG, appointed Mar. 4, 1845 [Lanman], immediately upon the 29th Congress's initial special session.
                                • Nominated as Commissioner of Indian Affairs, Dec. 29, 1845 [SEJ v.7 p. 21] confirmed Jan. 3, 1846 [SEJ v.9 p.24-25].
                                • 1857-1859, Treasury Dept., 1st Comptroller [OR]
                                • papers, LOC, http://lccn.loc.gov/mm78032524
                                • 2nd Asst. PMG, took office in Nov. 1844 in office, Feb. 10, 1845
                                • moved to 3rd Asst. PMG, concurrently with removal of John S. Skinner, and appointment of William Medill as 2nd Asst. PMG
                                • official usage as 3rd Asst. PMG, for the Inspection Office, July 31, 1845, http://philamercury.com/covers.php?id=20918
                                • Referred to as "Dr. Miller" in several news reports, he was a physician in Columbus, Ohio, and part-owner of a Whig newspaper.
                                • Referred to as "the brother-in-law of President Tyler" in several news reports, he was married to one of Letitia Christian Tyler's sisters.
                                  • Mary Christian, m. Dr. Nathaniel Massie Miller, 1798-1870, b. Virginia, M.D. 1818, Univ. of Pennsylvania
                                  • "a clerk in the post-office" in Oct. 1804 [Evening Fire-side, Philadelphia, June 14, 1806, link]
                                  • Described as "a clerk in the general post-office" in June 1806 (Aurora General Advertiser, Philadelphia, June 6, 1806).
                                  • Surveyor of Public Lands, 1807 [SEJ v.2 p.50], [SEJ v.2 p. 54]
                                  • 2nd Asst. PMG, appointed in late July 1810 (newspaper notices)
                                    • copied from the National Intelligencer, earliest seen is July 31, 1810
                                    • City of Washington Gazette, Oct. 2, 1818
                                    • apparently nothing of postal interest

                                    • 1st Asst. PMG, nominated Dec. 23, 1862 [SEJ v.13 p.21], confirmed Jan. 14, 1863 [SEJ v.13 p.29]
                                      • appointed Jan. 9, 1863 [Poore]
                                      • Chief Clerk to the 2nd Asst. PMG, 1869 [http://www.colorado.gov/pacific/archives/john-long-routt]
                                        • not confirmed by OR
                                        • in office, Oct. 1874 [PG] (Jno. L. Routt)
                                        • in office until Mar. 4, 1875, succeeded by James N. Tyner
                                        • 1814, Purser, US Navy [SEJ, 25 Mar. 1814, v.2 p.514, 515]
                                        • in 1819-29, editor of The American Farmer, Baltimore
                                        • in 1816-37 (or 1839), postmaster of Baltimore [SEJ, 2 July 1836, v.4, p.568, 571]
                                        • nominated as 3rd Asst. PMG, concurrently with Philo C. Fuller in 1841
                                        • in office, Mar. 4, 1844, http://books.google.com/books?id=O2ZHAQAAIAAJ
                                        • removed from office in Mar. 1845 (reported Mar. 25, 1845, New York Herald Mar. 28, 1845, National Intelligencer)
                                        • in 1845-47, editor of the Monthly Journal of Agriculture, New York
                                        • lengthy and detailed obituary, by Ben: Perley Poore, July 1854 (link).
                                        • see also, http://libx.bsu.edu/cdm/compoundobject/collection/ConspectusH/id/650
                                        • Clerk, in 1853, 1855, 1857, 1859 Principal Clerk, in 1861, 1863, 1864 (Appointment Office) Chief Clerk in 1865
                                        • acting 1st Asst. PMG, Feb. 8, 1861 [SJ v.61 p.901]
                                        • acting PMG, Sep. 26, 1862 [SJ v.61 p.901]
                                        • 1st Asst. PMG, nominated and confirmed, July 28, 1866 [SEJ v.14 p.1172-1173]
                                        • removed from office in Mar. 1869, replaced by George Earle
                                          • The first news reports were that George V. Lawrence, of Pennsylvania, would replace Skinner.
                                          • rose to Major General in the Civil War
                                          • 2nd Asst. PMG, nominated Mar. 24, 1869 [SEJ v.17 p.19,22,31], confirmed Mar. 26, 1869 [SEJ v.17 p.32-33]
                                          • resigned, ill health, effective Oct. 15, 1871, replaced by John L. Routt (Boston Journal, Oct. 13, 1871)
                                          • 3rd Asst. PMG, in office by Sep. 1869 [OR], nominated Jan. 10, 1870 [SEJ v.17 p.331,334,336], confirmed Jan. 24, 1870 [SEJ v.17 p.348]
                                          • Appointed Special Agent, 7 Mar. 1861
                                          • Official Register, 1861-66, in the list of Special Agents
                                          • Congress, 1869-75
                                          • 2nd Asst. PMG, nominated and confirmed, Feb. 26, 1875, to be effective Mar. 4, 1875 [SEJ v.19 p.531,532]
                                            • in office, Apr. 1875 [PG]


                                            • His appointment was reported in the newspapers (Daily National Intelligencer, Oct. 30, 1843). He took office mid-Nov. 1843, was still in office in March 1844, and out of office by Nov. 1844. Previously Surveyor of the Customs at the Port of Philadelphia, appointed April 1841, effective July 1, 1841 [SEJ v.5 p.385]. He was turned down by the Senate for a different position in April 1842 [SEJ v.6 p.56].
                                            • 2nd Asst. PMG, appointed 1849
                                            • resigned, effective May 25, 1852.
                                            • In May 1785, Prosper Wetmore was employed as "first clerk in the General Post Office in the City of New York" (link).
                                            • In Sep. 1791, Samuel Osgood, PMG until Aug. 19, 1791, recommended Wetmore to Timothy Pickering, his successor as PMG (link).
                                            • In Oct. 1791, Sebastian Baumann, the Postmaster of New York, recommended Wetmore to Timothy Pickering (link).
                                            • "Prosper Whetmore" is listed by Watterston as Assistant PMG, appointed Feb. 9, 1792 (link). We have seen no other list of Assistant PMG's that mentions him.
                                            • "Appointment, Prosper Wetmore, Esq., Assistant Postmaster-General, in the place of Jonathan Burrall, Esq., resigned.", The Federal Gazette, Philadelphia, Mar. 10, 1792, p. 2, from Readex/Newsbank.
                                            • Presidential appointments, with the advice and consent of the Senate, "Prosper Wetmore, esq., Assistant Postmaster-General, in the place of Jonathan Burrall, esq., resigned.", The Mail, or Claypoole's Daily Advertiser, Philadelphia, March 12, 1792, p. 3, from Readex/Newsbank.
                                              • The military appointments in this article appear in the Senate Executive Journal (Mar. 6, 1792, v.1 p. 101-102), but the final part about Wetmore does not.
                                              • Clerk, in 1834 (from Dec. 19), 1835, 1836, 1837, 1838, 1839, 1840, 1841, 1842, 1843, 1844 (class 3), 1845, 1846, 1847, 1848, 1849, 1850, 1851, 1852, 1853, 1854, 1855, 1856 [OR]
                                              • Disbursing Clerk and Superintendent of the Post Office Building, in 1855, 1857 [OR]
                                              • 3rd Asst. PMG, nominated and confirmed, Mar. 5, 1859 [SEJ v.11 p.73,75,76]
                                                • in office Apr. 14, 1860 [SJ v.51 p.407]
                                                • first appointed 28 July 1868 [1987 S.exdoc.42, 1882]
                                                • previously Chief Clerk of the P.O. Dept. [OR 1865-67], and Clerk [OR 1853-63]
                                                • first appointed 1 July 1864 [1987 S.exdoc.42, 1882] the system began public operations 1 Nov. 1864
                                                • previously Clerk in the Sixth Auditor's office [OR 1855], and Principal Clerk of the Finance Office [OR 1861, 1863]
                                                • afterward, US Consul, Hamilton, Ontario [OR 1893, 1895]
                                                • Bequest of Dr. Charles F. Macdonald, Aug. 1913 (link) see also, P.S. (journal), 1985, no. 26, p. 56.
                                                • Charles K. Gardner, July 2, 1836 [SEJ v.4 p.569,571], until Mar. 18, 1841 [OR 1841]
                                                  • previously, Asst. PMG
                                                  • later, Postmaster, Washington, DC nominated Dec. 29, 1845 [SEJ v.7 p.15]
                                                  • nominated June 17, 1841 confirmed June 29, 1841 [SEJ v.5 p. 386, v.5 p. 396]
                                                  • OR, 1849-1855, Treasury Dept., First Comptroller
                                                  • nominated Dec. 18, 1843 [SEJ v.6 p.197]
                                                  • confirmed when?
                                                  • OR, 1823-1843, Clerk of the House of Representatives
                                                  • nominated Dec. 29, 1845 confirmed Mar. 24, 1846 [SEJ v.7 p.21, v.7 p.57]
                                                  • at Treasury since May 1816
                                                  • OR, 1817-1821, Clerk, office of the Third Auditor of the Treasury
                                                  • OR, 1823-1827, Clerk, office of the Secretary of the Treasury
                                                  • OR, 1829-1835, Chief Clerk, Treasurer's Office
                                                  • OR, 1837-1843, Chief Clerk, Auditor [of the Treasury] for the Post Office Department
                                                    • since July 3, 1836
                                                    • OR, 1851
                                                    • OR, 1853-1857
                                                    • nominated Jan. 18, 1858 confirmed Feb. 3, 1858 [SEJ v.10 p.293-294, v.10 p.301]
                                                    • OR, 1859
                                                    • nominated July 8, 1861 confirmed July 15 [SEJ v.11 p.376, v.11 p.445]
                                                    • OR, 1861
                                                    • nominated Dec. 12, 1864 confirmed Jan. 12, 1865 [SEJ v.14 p.16, v.14 p.83]
                                                    • also noted as Jacob J. Martin, Oct. 1874 - Apr. 1875 [PG]
                                                    • in office, July 1875 [PG]
                                                    • previously, Chief Clerk, in 1865, 1867, 1869, 1871, 1873, 1874, 1875 [PG, Jan., Apr. 1875]
                                                    • first appointed to Treasury, 13 Sep. 1862
                                                    • had been appointed Fifth Auditor, Jan. 1, 1872 or, 19 Dec. 1871
                                                    • When this office was first listed in the Official Register (1837) there were 35 clerks who had been with the General Post Office in 1835, including Gardner. Only one, Peter G. Washington, had come from Treasury. The remaining 13 1837 Auditor's clerks do not appear in the 1835 register.
                                                    • See also, 404 H.doc. 170, 31 Mar. 1842, p. 114. List of 14 clerks transferred on 5 July 1836.
                                                    • For the organization of the office, see Robert Mayo, The Treasury Department and its Various Fiscal Bureaus, 1847, p. 161-191 (link).
                                                    • Thomas Johnson, Jr., appointed June 24, 1795 took office July 17, 1795
                                                      • died Nov. 3, 1795 (The Herald, New York, Nov. 25, 1795, via Readex/NewsBank)
                                                      • died May 1796
                                                      • offered the position, May 11, 1796 (link)
                                                      • dismissed for non-payment of debts, Jan. 29, 1799
                                                      • A distant relative of George Washington. Peter G. Washington was his son.
                                                      • Nominated and confirmed July 2, 1836 [SEJ v.4 p.567-568,570-571] under the new postal law of July 2, 1836.
                                                      • nominated Jan. 24, 1840 [SEJ v.5 p.253], confirmed Feb. 10, 1840 [SEJ v.5 p.256]
                                                      • until July 14, 1841 [OR 1843]
                                                      • nominated June 22, 1841 [SEJ v.5 p.392], confirmed July 10, 1841 [SEJ v.5 p.403]
                                                      • took office July 15, 1841 [OR 1843], until Mar. 31, 1845 [OR 1845]
                                                      • took office Apr. 1, 1845 [OR 1845]
                                                      • nominated Dec. 29, 1845 [SEJ v.7 p.15], confirmed July 7, 1846 [SEJ v.7 p.115]
                                                      • portrait (link)
                                                      • nominated Jan. 16, 1850 [SEJ v.8 p.125], confirmed Aug. 28, 1850 [SEJ v.8 p.224]
                                                      • until May 31, 1853 [OR 1853]
                                                      • son of Phineas Bradley and nephew of Abraham Bradley
                                                      • president, Patriotic Bank
                                                      • mayor of Washington
                                                      • mail contractor, lines south from Washington
                                                      • took office May 31, 1853 [OR 1853]
                                                      • nominated Dec. 8, 1853 [SEJ v.9 p.180], confirmed Feb. 23, 1854 [SEJ v.9 p.247-248]
                                                      • until Feb. 23, 1858 [SEJ v.10 p.323]
                                                      • nominated Feb. 25, 1858 [SEJ v.10 p.323], confirmed Mar. 30, 1858 [SEJ v.10 p.355]
                                                      • until May 15, 1861 [OR 1861]
                                                      • took office May 16, 1861 [OR 1861]
                                                      • nominated July 10, 1861 [SEJ v.11 p.395], confirmed July 16, 1861 [SEJ v.10 p.465-468]
                                                      • until Mar. 31, 1863 [OR 1863]
                                                      • took office Apr. 1, 1863 [OR 1863]
                                                      • nominated Feb. 19, 1864 [SEJ v.13 p.410], confirmed Mar. 8, 1864 [SEJ v.13 p.439]
                                                      • until July 31, 1868 [OR 1869]
                                                      • nominated July 25, 1868 [SEJ v.16 p.362,383], confirmed July 27, 1868 [SEJ v.16 p.385]
                                                      • took office Aug. 1, 1868, until May 17, 1869 [OR 1869]
                                                      • suspended under an act of Congress approved Apr. 5, 1869 [SEJ v.17 p.282]
                                                      • took office May 18, 1869 [OR 1869]
                                                      • nominated Dec. 6, 1869 [SEJ v.17 p.282] confirmed Jan. 24, 1870 [SEJ v.17 p.348]
                                                      • renominated Jan. 6, 1874, as his term was to end Jan. 24, 1874 confirmed Jan. 8, 1874 [SEJ v.19 p.201,205,210]
                                                      • died in office, Dec. 14, 1879 (Wikipedia)
                                                      • nominated Jan. 7, 1880, confirmed Jan. 8, 1880 [SEJ v.22 p. 154,162]
                                                      • This data is from the Senate Executive Journal, the Official Register, and Madison Davis, A History of the [Washington] City Post-Office, Records of the Columbia Historical Society, 1903, vol. 6, p. 143-213 (link). Davis has additional biographical information he was formerly Chief Clerk to the 3rd Asst PMG.
                                                      • There were also D.C. post offices in Alexandria (from 1772, transferred to Virginia in 1846), Georgetown (from before 1776, to 1877), College Hill (1822 - Dec. 31, 1841), Tennallytown (1846 - 1894), Anacostia (1849 - 1855, 1856 - 1858), Alexandria Ferry (1856 - 1858), Oak Grove (1856 - 1861 1861, renamed to Brightwood, continuing to 1901), Uniontown (1865 - 1868 1869, renamed to Anacostia, continuing to 1900), Benning (1874 - 1903), etc. For more information, see http://www.dcstampclub.org/postal_history_project.htm or Jim Forte's Post Office list, http://www.postalhistory.com/postoffices.asp?state=DC

                                                      First Assistant Postmaster General [R] [PGR 1970]
                                                      James Bryson, 28 Jan. 1782
                                                      Jonathan Burrall, 1789
                                                      Charles Burrall, 1791
                                                      Abraham Bradley, jr., Connecticut, 1800
                                                      Selah R. Hobbie, 1829 [R] Charles K. Gardner, New Jersey, 1829 [PGR 1970]
                                                      Selah R. Hobbie, New York, 1836 [PGR 1970]
                                                      S.D. Jacobs, Tennessee, 1851
                                                      Selah R. Hobbie, New York, 22 Mar. 1853
                                                      Horatio King, Maine, 28 Mar. 1854
                                                      St. John B.L. Skinner, 13 Feb. 1861 [R]
                                                      John A. Kasson, Iowa, 8 Mar. 1861
                                                      Alex. W. Randall, Wisconsin, 9 Jan. 1863
                                                      St. John B.L. Skinner, New York, 28 July 1866
                                                      George Earle, Maryland, 2 Apr. 1869
                                                      James W. Marshall, New Jersey, 1 Dec. 1869
                                                      James H. Marr, Maryland, 7 July 1874
                                                      James W. Marshall, 24 Aug. 1874
                                                      James N. Tyner, Indiana, 16 Mar. 1877
                                                      Frank Hatton, Indiana, 29 Oct. 1881
                                                      John Schuyler Crosby, New York, 10 Nov. 1884 [R] 1885 [PGR 1970]
                                                      Malcolm Hay, Pennsylvania, 18 Mar. 1885 [R] Milton Hay [PGR 1970]
                                                      A.E. Stevenson, Illinois, 6 July 1885 [R] 1886 [PGR 1970]
                                                      James S. Clarkson, Iowa, 14 Mar. 1889
                                                      S.A. Whitfield, Ohio, 29 Sep. 1890
                                                      H. Clay Evans, Tennessee, 7 Jan. 1893
                                                      Frank H. Jones, Illinois, 10 May 1893
                                                      Perry S. Heath, Indiana, 17 Mar. 1897
                                                      Wm. H. Johnson, 23 Aug. 1900 [R] William M. Johnson, New Jersey, 23 Aug. 1900 [PGR 1970]
                                                      Robert J. Wynne, Pennsylvania, 17 Apr. 1902
                                                      Frank H. Hitchcock, Massachusetts, 16 Mar. 1905
                                                      Charles P. Grandfield, Missouri, 29 Feb. 1908
                                                      Daniel C. Roper, South Carolina, 14 Mar. 1913
                                                      John C. Koons, Maryland, 2 Sep. 1916
                                                      Hubert Work, Colorado, 7 Apr. 1921
                                                      John H. Bartlett, New Hampshire, 13 Mar. 1922
                                                      Arch Coleman, Minnesota, 1 July 1929
                                                      Joseph C. O'Mahoney, Wyoming, 6 Mar. 1933
                                                      William W. Howes, South Dakota, 17 Jan. 1934
                                                      Ambrose O'Connell, New York, 16 June 1940
                                                      Kildroy P. Aldrich, Illinois, 1 Mar. 1943
                                                      Jesse M. Donaldson, Illinois, 15 July 1945
                                                      Vincent C. Burke, Kentucky, 1 Feb. 1948

                                                      Assistant Postmaster General [PGR 1970]
                                                      Vincent C. Burke, Kentucky, 20 Aug. 1949

                                                      Assistant Postmaster General, Bureau of Post Office Operations [PGR 1970]
                                                      Joseph J. Lawler, Pennsylvania, 24 Apr. 1950
                                                      Norman Ross Abrams, New Jersey, 28 Apr. 1953
                                                      John M. McKibbin, Pennsylvania, 27 Feb. 1957

                                                      Assistant Postmaster General, Bureau of Operations, effective 1 July 1957 [PGR 1970]
                                                      John M. McKibbin, Pennsylvania, 27 Feb. 1957
                                                      Bert B. Barnes, Iowa, 19 Nov. 1959
                                                      Frederick C. Belen, Virginia, 2 Mar. 1961
                                                      William M. McMillan, Texas, 28 Feb. 1964
                                                      Frank J. Nunlist, New Jersey, 29 Apr. 1969
                                                      nominated 16 Apr. 1969 [SEJ v.111 p.276], confirmed 29 Apr. 1969 [SEJ v.111 p.314]

                                                      The Bureau of Operations merged with the Bureau of Transportation, to form the
                                                      Bureau of Planning, Marketing, and Systems Analysis, effective 10 May 1969. [PGR 1970]

                                                      Assistant Postmaster General, Bureau of Planning, Marketing, and Systems Analysis
                                                      Ronald B. Lee [Senate hearings, 25 Apr. 1969]

                                                      Assistant Postmaster General, Bureau of Planning and Marketing, effective 5 June 1969 [PGR 1970]
                                                      Ronald B. Lee, Maryland, 29 Apr. 1969
                                                      nominated 16 Apr. 1969 [SEJ v.111 p.276], confirmed 29 Apr. 1969 [SEJ v.111 p.313]


                                                      Second Assistant Postmaster General [R] [PGR 1970]
                                                      Seth Pease, Connecticut, 1810
                                                      Phineas Bradley, Connecticut, 1818
                                                      Charles K. Gardner, 1829 [R] Selah R. Hobbie, New York, 1829 [PGR 1970]
                                                      Robert Johnstone, 1839 [R] Robert Johnston, 1836 [PGR 1970]
                                                      Philo C. Fuller, 1841 [R] Philip C. Fuller, Michigan, 1841 [PGR 1970]
                                                      John A. Bryan, Ohio, 1841 [PGR 1970]
                                                      J.W. Tyson, 1843
                                                      N.M. Miller, Virginia, 1845 [R], 1844 [PGR 1970]
                                                      William Medill, Ohio, 1845
                                                      William J. Brown, Indiana, 1845
                                                      Fitz Henry Warren, Iowa, 1849
                                                      William H. Dundas, Virginia, 1852
                                                      George W. McLellan, Massachusetts, 13 Mar. 1861
                                                      Giles A. Smith, Illinois, 26 Mar. 1869
                                                      John L. Routt, Illinois, 12 Oct. 1871
                                                      James N. Tyner, Indiana, 26 Feb. 1875
                                                      Thomas J. Brady, Indiana, 24 July 1876
                                                      Richard A. Elmer, New York, 16 May 1881
                                                      Henry D. Lyman, New York, 15 Feb. 1884 [R] 1883 [PGR 1970]
                                                      W.B. Thompson, Michigan, 23 Dec. 1884
                                                      A. Leo Knott, Maryland, 1 Apr. 1885
                                                      S.A. Whitfield, Ohio, 18 Mar. 1889
                                                      J. Lowrie Bell, Pennsylvania, 29 Sep. 1890
                                                      Charles Nielson, Maryland, 4 June 1894
                                                      William S. Shallenberger, Pennsylvania, 29 Mar. 1897 [R] 5 Apr. 1897 [PGR 1970]
                                                      James T. McCleary, Minnesota, 29 Mar. 1907
                                                      Joseph Stewart, Missouri, 29 Sep. 1908
                                                      Otto Praeger, Texas, 1 Sep. 1915
                                                      Edw. H. Shaughnessy, Illinois, 11 Apr. 1921
                                                      Paul Henderson, Illinois, 14 Apr. 1922
                                                      W. Irving Glover, New Jersey, 1 Aug. 1923
                                                      William W. Howes, South Dakota, 6 Mar. 1933
                                                      Harlee Branch, Georgia, 17 Jan. 1934
                                                      Ambrose O'Connell, New York, 1 Oct. 1938
                                                      Smith W. Purdum, Maryland, 16 June 1940
                                                      Gael Sullivan, Illinois, 1 Oct. 1945
                                                      Paul Aiken, Kansas, 15 Oct. 1947

                                                      Assistant Postmaster General [PGR 1970]
                                                      Paul Aiken, Kansas, 20 Aug. 1949

                                                      Assistant Postmaster General, Bureau of Transportation [PGR 1970]
                                                      Paul Aiken, Kansas, 24 Apr. 1950
                                                      John M. Redding, Illinois, 24 Aug. 1950
                                                      John C. Allen, Illinois, 6 Feb. 1953
                                                      E. George Siedle, Pennsylvania, 4 Oct. 1954
                                                      George M. Moore, Kentucky, 6 Oct. 1959
                                                      William J. Hartigan, Massachusetts, 9 Aug. 1961, 27 Mar. 1963

                                                      Assistant Postmaster General, Bureau of Transportation and International Services, effective 19 Sep. 1963 [PGR 1970]
                                                      Hartigan

                                                      Assistant Postmaster General, Bureau of Transportation, effective 7 Nov. 1967 [PGR 1970]
                                                      Frederick E. Batrus, Maryland, 26 Feb. 1968

                                                      The Bureau of Transportation merged with the Bureau of Operations, to form the Bureau of Planning, etc., effective 10 May 1969


                                                      Third Assistant Postmaster General [R] [S] [PGR 1970]
                                                      Daniel Coleman, North Carolina, 1836
                                                      John S. Skinner, Maryland, 1842 [R], 1841 [PGR 1970]
                                                      N.M. Miller, Virginia, 1845
                                                      John Marron, Georgia, 1846
                                                      A.N. Zevely, North Carolina, 5 Mar. 1859
                                                      W.H.H. Terrell, Indiana, 22 May 1869
                                                      E.W. Barber, Michigan, 17 Mar. 1873
                                                      Abraham D. Hazen, Pennsylvania, 1 July 1877
                                                      Henry R. Harris, Georgia, 1 Apr. 1887
                                                      Abraham D. Hazen, 18 Mar. 1889
                                                      Kerr Craige, North Carolina, 19 May 1893
                                                      John A. Merritt, New York, 20 Apr. 1897
                                                      Edwin C. Madden, Michigan, 1 July 1899
                                                      Abraham L. Lawshe, Indiana, 22 Mar. 1907
                                                      James J. Britt, North Carolina, 1 Dec. 1910
                                                      Alexander M. Dockery, Missouri, 17 Mar. 1913
                                                      W. [Warren] Irving Glover, New Jersey, 26 May 1921
                                                      Robert S. Regar, Pennsylvania, 1 Aug. 1923
                                                      Frederic A. Tilton, Michigan, 20 June 1929
                                                      Clinton B. Ellenberger, Pennsylvania, 6 Mar. 1933 Eillenberger [PGR 1970]
                                                      Ramsey S. Black, Pennsylvania, 1 Feb. 1938
                                                      Joseph J. Lawler, Pennsylvania, 16 May 1945

                                                      Assistant Postmaster General [PGR 1970]
                                                      Joseph J. Lawler, Pennsylvania, 20 Aug. 1949

                                                      Assistant Postmaster General, Bureau of Finance [S] [PGR 1970]
                                                      Osborne A. Pearson, California, 24 Apr. 1950
                                                      William J. Bray, Connecticut, 11 Sep. 1952
                                                      Albert J. Robertson, Iowa, 17 Mar. 1953
                                                      Hyde Gillette, Illinois, 27 Feb. 1957
                                                      Ralph W. Nicholson, New York, 21 Mar. 1961

                                                      Assistant Postmaster General, Bureau of Finance and Administration, effective 26 Apr. 1964 [S] [PGR 1970]
                                                      Ralph W. Nicholson, 1964
                                                      James W. [Ward] Hargrove, Texas, 7 Feb. 1969
                                                      b. 1922, former VP of Texas Eastern Transmission Co.
                                                      nominated 31 Jan. 1969 [SEJ v.111 p.151], confirmed 7 Feb. 1969 [SEJ v.111 p.169]


                                                      Fourth Assistant Postmaster General [R] [PGR 1970]
                                                      E.G. Rathbone, Ohio, 27 June 1891
                                                      R.A. Maxwell, New York, 22 Mar. 1893
                                                      Jos. L. Bristow, Kansas, 22 Mar. 1897 [R], 1 Apr. 1897 [PGR 1970]
                                                      P.V. De Graw, Pennsylvania, 20 Mar. 1905
                                                      James I. Blakslee, Pennsylvania, 17 Mar. 1913
                                                      Harry H. Billany, Delaware, 14 Mar. 1921
                                                      John W. Philip, Texas, 8 July 1929
                                                      Silliman Evans, Texas, 6 Mar. 1933
                                                      Smith W. Purdom, Maryland, 19 June 1934
                                                      Walter Myers, Indiana, 16 June 1940

                                                      Assistant Postmaster General [PGR 1970]
                                                      Walter Myers, Indiana, 20 Aug. 1949

                                                      Assistant Postmaster General, Bureau of Facilities [PGR 1970]
                                                      Walter Myers, Indiana, 24 Apr. 1950
                                                      Ormond E. Kleb, New Jersey, 17 Mar. 1953
                                                      Rollin D. Barnard, Colorado, 12 Mar. 1959
                                                      Robert J. Burkhardt, New Jersey, 20 Feb. 1961
                                                      Sidney W. Bishop, California, 28 Mar. 1962
                                                      Tyler Abell, D.C., 2 Jan. 1964
                                                      John L. O'Marra, Oklahoma / Maryland, 4 Aug. 1967 reappointed, 7 Feb. 1969
                                                      b. 1920
                                                      nominated 5 Feb. 1969 [SEJ v.111 p.157], confirmed 7 Feb. 1969 [SEJ v.111 p.169]
                                                      Henry Lehne, Massachusetts, 29 Apr. 1969
                                                      nominated 16 Apr. 1969 [SEJ v.111 p.276], confirmed 29 Apr. 1969 [SEJ v.111 p.313]


                                                      Bureau of Accounts, by Act of 10 June 1921, 42 Stat. 24
                                                      transferred to the Bureau of Finance, 1953


                                                      Assistant Postmaster General for Personnel, by Act of 23 July 1953 [PGR 1970]
                                                      Eugene J. Lyons, New Jersey, 2 Dec. 1953
                                                      Frank Barr, Kansas, 31 Mar. 1960
                                                      Richard J. Murphy, Maryland, 21 Mar. 1961
                                                      Kenneth A. [Alfred] Housman, Connecticut, 7 Feb. 1969
                                                      former Manager of Public Affairs, Union Carbide Corp.
                                                      nominated 31 Jan. 1969 [SEJ v.111 p.151], confirmed 7 Feb. 1969 [SEJ v.111 p.169]


                                                      Director, Office of Research and Engineering, effective 1 July 1956 [PGR 1970]
                                                      Clyde W. Gray, Massachusetts, 20 Feb. 1957
                                                      Wade S. Plummer, Pennsylvania, 14 July 1958
                                                      Edward E. Harriman, Maine, 14 May 1961

                                                      Director, Bureau of Research and Engineering, effective 5 July 1966 [PGR 1970]
                                                      Leo S. Packer, New York, 13 June 1966

                                                      Assistant Postmaster General, Bureau of Research and Engineering [PGR 1970]
                                                      Leo S. Packer, New York, 14 Sep. 1966
                                                      Harold F. Faught, Pennsylvania, 20 June 1969
                                                      nominated 16 June 1969 [SEJ v.111 p.452], confirmed 18 June 1969 [SEJ v.111 p.463]


                                                      General Counsel, by Act of 31 July 1956 [PGR 1970]
                                                      Abe McGregor Goff, Idaho, 10 Oct. 1956
                                                      Herbert B. Warburton, Delaware, 22 May 1958
                                                      Louis J. Doyle, Maryland, 1 May 1961
                                                      Timothy J. May, Maryland, 23 Feb. 1966
                                                      David A. [Aldrich] Nelson, Ohio, 7 Feb. 1969
                                                      b. 1932, lawyer in private practice, Cleveland, Ohio
                                                      nominated 31 Jan. 1969 [SEJ v.111 p.151], confirmed 7 Feb. 1969 [SEJ v.111 p.169]


                                                      From the Official Register, Government Manual, and the Senate Executive Journal

                                                      OR (biennial) 1881-1921 (annual) 1925-1934, 1936-1959
                                                      1917 [1 Jan. 1918], 1919 [11 Feb. 1920], 1921 [16 Mar. 1922]
                                                      GM (annual) 1935 to 1970/71 (complete for the Post Office dept.)
                                                      SEJ vol. 65-71, 1926-1930 vol. 74-101, 1933-1959

                                                      Thomas L. James, New York, PMG OR 1881
                                                      Walter Q. Gresham, Indiana, PMG OR 1883
                                                      William F. Vilas, Vermont, PMG OR 1885, 1887
                                                      John Wanamaker, Pennsylvania, PMG OR 1889, 1891
                                                      Wilson S. Bissell, New York, PMG OR 1893
                                                      William L. Wilson, Virginia, PMG OR 1895
                                                      James A. Gary, Connecticut, PMG OR 1897
                                                      Charles Emory Smith, Connecticut, PMG OR 1899, 1901
                                                      Henry C. Payne, Massachusetts, PMG OR 1903
                                                      George B. Cortelyou, New York, PMG OR 1905
                                                      George von L. Meyer, Massachusetts, PMG OR 1907
                                                      Frank H. Hitchcock, Massachusetts, PMG OR 1909, 1911
                                                      Albert S. Burleson, Texas, PMG OR 1913, 1915, 1917, 1919
                                                      Hubert Work, Colorado, PMG OR 1921
                                                      Harry S. New, Indiana, PMG OR 1925, 1926, 1927, 1928 nominated and confirmed 5 Mar. 1925 SEJ v.64 p.3
                                                      Walter F. [Folger] Brown, Ohio, PMG OR 1929, 1930, 1931, 1932 nominated and confirmed 5 Mar. 1929 SEJ v.68 p.3-5
                                                      James A. Farley, New York, PMG OR 1933, 1934, 1936, 1937, 1938, 1939 GM 1940 (July) nominated and confirmed 4 Mar. 1933 SEJ v.74 p.3,5 nominated and confirmed 22 Jan. 1937 SEJ v.78 p.91-92
                                                      Frank C. Walker, Pennsylvania, PMG OR 1940, 1941, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1945 GM 1940 (Oct.) - 1945 (1st) nominated 5 Sep. 1940 SEJ v.82 p.970 confirmed 6 Sep. 1940 SEJ v.82 p.975,982 nominated 23 Jan. 1941 SEJ v.83 p.32 confirmed 27 Jan. 1941 SEJ v.83 p.41 nominated 22 Jan. 1945 SEJ v.87 p.31 confirmed 5 Feb. 1945 SEJ v.87 p.49-50
                                                      Robert E. Hannegan, Missouri, PMG OR 1946, 1947 GM 1945 (2nd), 1946, 1947 nominated 3 May 1945, effective 1 July 1945 SEJ v.87 p.255 confirmed 7 May 1945 SEJ v.87 p.263-267
                                                      Jesse M. Donaldson, Illinois, PMG OR 1948, 1949, 1950, 1951, 1952 GM 1948-1952 nominated 26 Nov. 1947 SEJ v.89 p.3327 confirmed 15 Dec. 1947 SEJ v.89 p.3389 nominated 31 Jan. 1949 SEJ v.91 p.735 confirmed 7 Feb. 1949 SEJ v.91 p.775
                                                      Arthur E. Summerfield, Michigan, PMG OR 1953, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959 GM 1953-1960 nominated 20 Jan. 1953 SEJ v.95 p.67,70-71 confirmed 21 Jan. 1953 SEJ v.95 p.71-73 nominated 23 Jan. 1957 SEJ v.99 p.245 confirmed 4 Feb. 1957 SEJ v.99 p.275
                                                      J. Edward Day, PMG GM 1961, 1962, 1963
                                                      John A. Gronouski, PMG GM 1964, 1965
                                                      Lawrence F. O'Brien, PMG GM 1966, 1967
                                                      W. Marvin Watson, PMG GM 1968
                                                      Winton M. Blount, PMG GM 1969, 1970 nominated 20 Jan. 1969 [SEJ v.111 p.102] confirmed 20 Jan. 1969 [SEJ v.111 p.104]

                                                      James N. Tyner, Indiana, 1st Asst PMG, Indiana OR 1881
                                                      Frank Hatton, Ohio, 1st Asst PMG OR 1883
                                                      Adlai E. Stevenson, Kentucky, 1st Asst PMG OR 1885, 1887
                                                      James S. Clarkson, Indiana, 1st Asst PMG OR 1889
                                                      Smith A. Whitfield, New Hampshire, 1st Asst PMG OR 1891
                                                      Frank H. Jones, Illinois, 1st Asst PMG OR 1893, 1895
                                                      Perry S. Heath, Indiana, 1st Asst PMG OR 1897, 1899
                                                      William M. Johnson, New Jersey, 1st Asst PMG OR 1901
                                                      Robert J. Wynne, New York, 1st Asst PMG OR 1903
                                                      Frank H. Hitchcock, Ohio, 1st Asst PMG OR 1905, 1907
                                                      Charles P. Grandfield, 1st Asst PMG OR 1909, 1911
                                                      Chief Clerk, Office of the 1st Asst PMG OR 1907
                                                      Daniel C. Roper, 1st Asst PMG OR 1913, 1915
                                                      John C. Koons, 1st Asst PMG OR 1917, 1919
                                                      John H. Bartlett, New Hampshire, 1st Asst PMG OR 1921, 1925, 1926, 1927, 1928
                                                      nominated 7 Mar. 1921, confirmed 8 Mar. 1921, formerly President of the Civil Service Commission [OR 1921 p.91]
                                                      Arch Coleman, Minnesota, 1st Asst PMG OR 1929, 1930, 1931, 1932 nominated and confirmed 19 June 1929 SEJ v.68 p.180-181
                                                      Joseph C. O'Mahoney, Wyoming, bio, 1st Asst PMG OR 1933 nominated 11 Mar. 1933 SEJ v.74 p.11 confirmed 13 Mar. 1933 SEJ v.74 p.12-13
                                                      William W. Howes, South Dakota, 1st Asst PMG OR 1934, 1936, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1940 GM 1935 - 1940 (Feb.) nominated 8 Jan. 1934 SEJ v.75 p.55 confirmed 11 Jan. 1934 SEJ v.75 p.77
                                                      Acting PMG GM 1936
                                                      Ambrose O'Connell, New York, 1st Asst PMG OR 1941, 1942 GM 1940 (July) - 1942 (Fall) nominated 23 May 1940 SEJ v.82 p.532 confirmed 24 May 1940 SEJ v.82 p.567
                                                      Executive Assistant to the PMG GM 1935, 1936, 1937
                                                      Kildroy P. Aldrich, Illinois, 1st Asst PMG OR 1943, 1944, 1945 GM 1943 - 1945 (1st) nominated 18 Feb. 1943 SEJ v.85 p.80 confirmed 1 Mar. 1943 SEJ v.85 p.109
                                                      Jesse M. Donaldson, Illinois, 1st Asst PMG OR 1946, 1947 GM 1945 (2nd) - 1947 nominated 6 July 1945 SEJ v.87 p.414 confirmed 13 July 1945 SEJ v.87 p.425
                                                      Vincent C. Burke, Kentucky, 1st Asst PMG OR 1948, 1949 GM 1948, 1949 nominated 16 Jan. 1948 SEJ v.90 p.12 confirmed 30 Jan. 1948 SEJ v.90 p.96-97
                                                      Joseph J. Lawler, Pennsylvania, Asst PMG, Bureau of Post Office Operations OR 1950, 1951, 1952 GM 1950, 1951, 1952
                                                      Norman R. [Ross] Abrams, New Jersey, Asst PMG, Bureau of Post Office Operations OR 1953, 1954, 1955, 1956 GM 1953 - 1956 nominated 17 Apr. 1953 SEJ v.95 p.289 confirmed 23 Apr. 1953 SEJ v.95 p.319
                                                      John M. McKibbin, Pennsylvania, Asst PMG, Bureau of Post Office Operations OR 1957, 1958, 1959 GM 1957 nominated 1 Feb. 1957 SEJ v.99 p.254 confirmed 27 Feb. 1957 SEJ v.99 p.328-329
                                                      Bureau of Operations, GM 1958, 1959
                                                      Bert B. Barnes, Asst PMG, Bureau of Operations GM 1960
                                                      Frederick C. Belen, Asst PMG, Bureau of Operations GM 1961, 1962, 1963
                                                      William M. McMillan, Asst PMG, Bureau of Operations GM 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1968
                                                      Frank J. Nunlist, Asst PMG, Bureau of Operations GM 1969, 1970

                                                      Richard A. Elmer, New York, 2nd Asst PMG OR 1881, 1883
                                                      A. Leo Knott, Maryland, 2nd Asst PMG OR 1885, 1887
                                                      Smith A. Whitfield, New Hampshire, 2nd Asst PMG OR 1889
                                                      J. Lowrie Bell, Pennsylvania, 2nd Asst PMG OR 1891, 1893
                                                      Charles Neilson, Maryland, 2nd Asst PMG OR 1895
                                                      William S. Shallenberger, Pennsylvania, 2nd Asst PMG OR 1897, 1899, 1901, 1903, 1905
                                                      James T. McCleary, 2nd Asst PMG OR 1907
                                                      Joseph Stewart, 2nd Asst PMG OR 1909, 1911, 1913
                                                      Superintendent of division, Office of the 2nd Asst PMG OR 1907
                                                      Otto Praeger, 2nd Asst PMG OR 1915, 1917, 1919
                                                      Praeger was appointed postmaster of Washington, DC, 1 April 1914.
                                                      (vacant), 2nd Asst PMG OR 1921
                                                      Paul Henderson
                                                      W. [Warren] Irving Glover, New Jersey, 2nd Asst PMG OR 1925, 1926, 1927, 1928, 1929, 1930, 1931, 1932 recess appointment, 22 July 1925 nominated 15 Dec. 1925 SEJ v.64 p.176 confirmed 17 Dec. 1925 SEJ v.64 p.287
                                                      William W. Howes, South Dakota, 2nd Asst PMG OR 1933 nominated 11 Mar. 1933 SEJ v.74 p.11 confirmed 13 Mar. 1933 SEJ v.74 p.12-13
                                                      Harllee Branch, Georgia, 2nd Asst PMG OR 1934, 1936, 1937, 1938 GM 1935, 1936, 1937 nominated 8 Jan. 1934 SEJ v.75 p.54 confirmed 11 Jan. 1934 SEJ v.75 p.77
                                                      acting PMG, 30 Oct. 1937, http://books.google.com/books?id=jqc3AQAAIAAJ&pg=RA2-PA68
                                                      Ambrose O'Connell, New York, 2nd Asst PMG OR 1939, 1940 GM 1938 (10 Oct.), 1939, 1940 (Feb) recess appointment nominated 10 Jan. 1939 SEJ v.81 p.67 confirmed 16 Jan. 1939 SEJ v.81 p.84
                                                      moved to 1st Asst PMG
                                                      Smith W. Purdum, Maryland, 2nd Asst PMG OR 1941, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1945 GM 1940 (July) - 1945 (1st) nominated 23 May 1940 SEJ v.82 p.532 confirmed 24 May 1940 SEJ v.82 p.567
                                                      Gael E. Sullivan, Illinois, 2nd Asst PMG OR 1946 GM 1945 (2nd), 1946, 1947 (1st) nominated 12 Sep. 1945 effective 1 Oct. 1945 SEJ v.87 p.549 confirmed 26 Sep. 1945 SEJ v.87 p.592
                                                      John J. Gillen, New York, Acting 2nd Asst PMG OR 1947 GM 1947 (2nd)
                                                      Paul [J.] Aiken, Kansas, 2nd Asst PMG recess appointment OR 1948, 1949 GM 1948, 1949 nominated 4 Dec. 1947 SEJ v.89 p.3329 confirmed 15 Dec. 1947 SEJ v.89 p.3389
                                                      Paul [J.] Aiken, Kansas, Asst PMG, Transportation OR 1950
                                                      (vacancy), Asst PMG, Bureau of Transportation GM 1950
                                                      John M. Redding, Illinois, Asst PMG, Bureau of Transportation OR 1951, 1952 GM 1951, 1952 nominated 2 Aug. 1950 SEJ v.92 p.621 confirmed 11 Aug. 1950 SEJ v.92 p.646
                                                      John C. Allen, Illinois, Asst PMG, Bureau of Transportation OR 1953, 1954 GM 1953, 1954 nominated 26 Jan. 1953 SEJ v.95 p.80 confirmed 29 Jan. 1953 SEJ v.95 p.119
                                                      E. George Siedle, Pennsylvania, Asst PMG, Bureau of Transportation OR 1955, 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959 GM 1955 - 1959 nominated 5 Aug. 1954 SEJ v.96 p.752 confirmed 16 Aug. 1954 SEJ v.96 p.780
                                                      George M. Moore, Asst PMG, Bureau of Transportation GM 1960
                                                      (vacancy), Asst PMG, Bureau of Transportation GM 1961
                                                      F.E. Batrus, acting Asst PMG, Bureau of Transportation GM 1962
                                                      William J. Hartigan, Asst PMG, Bureau of Transportation GM 1963
                                                      William J. Hartigan, Asst PMG, Bureau of Transportation and International Services GM 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967
                                                      Frederick E. Batrus, Asst PMG, Bureau of Transportation GM 1968

                                                      Abraham D. Hazen, Pennsylvania, 3rd Asst PMG OR 1881, 1883, 1885
                                                      Henry R. Harris, Georgia, 3rd Asst PMG OR 1887
                                                      Abraham D. Hazen, Pennsylvania, 3rd Asst PMG OR 1889, 1891
                                                      Kerr Craige, North Carolina, 3rd Asst PMG OR 1893, 1895
                                                      John A. Merritt, Michigan, 3rd Asst PMG OR 1897
                                                      Edwin C. Madden, Canada, 3rd Asst PMG OR 1899, 1901, 1903, 1905
                                                      Abraham L. Lawshe, 3rd Asst PMG OR 1907, 1909
                                                      James J. Britt, 3rd Asst PMG OR 1911
                                                      Alexander M. Dockery, 3rd Asst PMG OR 1913, 1915, 1917, 1919
                                                      Warren I. Glover, 3rd Asst PMG OR 1921
                                                      Robert S. Regar, Pennsylvania, 3rd Asst PMG OR 1925, 1926, 1927, 1928 recess appointment, 22 July 1925 nominated 15 Dec. 1925 SEJ v.64 p.176 confirmed 17 Dec. 1925 SEJ v.64 p.287
                                                      Appointment Clerk, Office of the PMG OR 1919, 1921
                                                      Frederic A. Tilton, Michigan, 3rd Asst PMG OR 1929, 1930, 1931, 1932 nominated [as Frederick A. Tilton] 11 June 1929 SEJ v.68 p.165 confirmed 13 June 1929 SEJ v.68 p.173-174 nominated and confirmed [correctly as Frederic A. Tilton] 19 June 1929 SEJ v.68 p.177,181
                                                      Clinton B. Eilenberger, Pennsylvania, 3rd Asst PMG OR 1933, 1934, 1936, 1937 GM 1935, 1936 nominated 11 Mar. 1933 SEJ v.74 p.11 confirmed 13 Mar. 1933 SEJ v.74 p.12-13 died in office
                                                      (vacancy), 3rd Asst PMG GM 1937
                                                      Ramsey S. Black, Pennsylvania, 3rd Asst PMG OR 1938, 1939, 1940, 1941, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1945 GM 1938 - 1945 (1st) nominated and confirmed 11 Jan. 1938 SEJ v.80 p.11-12
                                                      Joseph J. Lawler, Pennsylvania, 3rd Asst PMG OR 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949 GM 1945 (2nd) - 1949 nominated 3 May 1945 effective 6 May 1945 SEJ v.87 p.255 confirmed 15 May 1945 SEJ v.87 p.294
                                                      Osborne A. Pearson, California, Asst PMG, Bureau of Finance OR 1950, 1951, 1952 GM 1950, 1951, 1952 nominated 24 Feb. 1950 SEJ v.92 p.184 confirmed 17 Apr. 1950 SEJ v.92 p.330
                                                      filling vacancy caused by move of Burke to Deputy PMG
                                                      William J. Bray, Connecticut, Asst PMG, Bureau of Finance recess appointment, 9 Sep. 1952 [NYTimes] nominated 9 Jan. 1953 SEJ v.95 p.3 withdrawn 6 Mar. 1953 SEJ v.95 p.224 previously Secretary to the PMG see also, http://www.trumanlibrary.org/oralhist/stowebray.htm
                                                      Albert J. Robertson, Iowa, Asst PMG, Bureau of Finance OR 1953, 1954, 1955, 1956 GM 1953, 1954, 1955, 1956 nominated 4 Mar. 1953 SEJ v.95 p.211 confirmed 12 Mar. 1953 SEJ v.95 p.236
                                                      also, Controller GM 1955, 1956
                                                      Hyde Gillette, Illinois, Asst PMG, Bureau of Finance OR 1957, 1958, 1959 GM 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960 nominated 30 Jan. 1957 SEJ v.99 p.251 confirmed 27 Feb. 1957 SEJ v.99 p.328
                                                      also, Controller GM 1957, 1958
                                                      Ralph W. Nicholson, Asst PMG, Bureau of Finance GM 1961, 1962, 1963
                                                      Ralph W. Nicholson, Asst PMG, Bureau of Finance and Administration GM 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1968
                                                      James W. Hargrove, Asst PMG, Bureau of Finance and Administration GM 1969, 1970

                                                      Estes G. Rathbone, Pennsylvania 4th Asst PMG OR 1891
                                                      Chief Post Office Inspector, OR 1889
                                                      Robert A. Maxwell, New York, 4th Asst PMG OR 1893, 1895
                                                      Joseph L. Bristow, Kentucky, 4th Asst PMG OR 1897, 1899, 1901, 1903
                                                      Peter V. De Graw, New Jersey, 4th Asst PMG OR 1905, 1907, 1909, 1911
                                                      James I. Blakslee, 4th Asst PMG OR 1913, 1915, 1917, 1919
                                                      Harry H. Billany, Delaware, 4th Asst PMG OR 1921, 1925, 1926, 1927, 1928
                                                      John W. Philp, Texas, 4th Asst PMG OR 1929, 1930, 1931, 1932 nominated and confirmed 19 June 1929 SEJ v.68 p.180-181
                                                      Silliman Evans, Texas, 4th Asst PMG OR 1933 nominated 11 Mar. 1933 SEJ v.74 p.11 confirmed 13 Mar. 1933 SEJ v.74 p.12-13
                                                      Smith W. Purdum, Maryland, 4th Asst PMG OR 1934, 1936, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1940 GM 1935, 1936, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1940 (Feb) nominated 12 June 1934 SEJ v.75 p.758 confirmed 14 June 1934 SEJ v.75 p.789 For Mr. O'Mahoney's remarks [Sen. Joseph C. O'Mahoney, Wyoming, Senate Committee on Post Offices and Post Roads, former 1st Asst PMG, bio], Congressional Record, p. 11462 (PDF).
                                                      Walter Myers, Indiana, 4th Asst PMG OR 1941, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1945, 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949 GM 1940 (July), 1941, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1945, 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949 nominated 31 May 1940 SEJ v.82 p.611 confirmed 5 June 1940 SEJ v.82 p.670
                                                      Walter Myers, Indiana, Asst PMG, Bureau of Facilities OR 1950, 1951, 1952 GM 1950, 1951, 1952
                                                      Ormonde A. Kieb, New Jersey, Asst PMG, Bureau of Facilities OR 1953, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1958 GM 1953, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1958 nominated 4 Mar. 1953 SEJ v.95 p.211 confirmed 13 Mar. 1953 SEJ v.95 p.236,239
                                                      Rollin D. Barnard, Colorado, Asst PMG, Bureau of Facilities OR 1959 GM 1959, 1960 nominated 4 Feb. 1959 SEJ v.101 p.232 delayed 9 Mar. 1959 SEJ v.101 p. 325 confirmed 11 Mar. 1959 SEJ v.101 p.330
                                                      Robert J. Burkhardt, Asst PMG, Bureau of Facilities GM 1961
                                                      Sidney W. Bishop, Asst PMG, Bureau of Facilities GM 1962, 1963
                                                      Tyler Abell, Asst PMG, Bureau of Facilities GM 1964, 1965, 1966
                                                      (vacancy), Asst PMG, Bureau of Facilities GM 1967
                                                      John L. O'Marra, Asst PMG, Bureau of Facilities GM 1968
                                                      Henry Lehne, Asst PMG, Bureau of Facilities GM 1969, 1970

                                                      Owen A. Keen, Chief Clerk GM 1935, 1936, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1940 (Feb)
                                                      Audus T. Davis, Asst Chief Clerk and Personnel Officer GM 1935, 1936, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1940 (Feb)
                                                      Frank H. Ellis, Chief Clerk and Director of Personnel GM 1940 (July), 1941, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1945
                                                      Harold W. Bresnahan, Asst Chief Clerk and Personnel Officer GM 1940 (July), 1941, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1945
                                                      Edgar B. Jackson, Chief Clerk and Director of Personnel GM 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1950, 1951, 1952, 1953
                                                      Harold W. Bresnahan, Asst Chief Clerk and Asst Director of Personnel GM 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949
                                                      Eugene J. [James] Lyons, New Jersey, Asst PMG, Bureau of Personnel OR 1955, 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959 GM 1954, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959 recess appointment nominated 11 Jan. 1954 SEJ v.96 p.5 confirmed 5 Feb. 1954 SEJ v.96 p.160
                                                      Frank E. Barr, Asst PMG, Bureau of Personnel GM 1960
                                                      Richard J. Murphy, Asst PMG, Bureau of Personnel GM 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1968
                                                      Kenneth A. Housman, Asst PMG, Bureau of Personnel GM 1969, 1970

                                                      Clyde W. Gray, Director, Office of Research and Engineering GM 1957
                                                      Wade S. Plummer, Director, Office of Research and Engineering GM 1958 (acting), 1959, 1960
                                                      Edward E. Harriman, Director, Office of Research and Engineering GM 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1966
                                                      Leo S. Packer, Asst PMG, Bureau of Research and Engineering GM 1967, 1968
                                                      Harold F. Faught, Asst PMG, Bureau of Research and Engineering GM 1969, 1970

                                                      (vacancy), Director of Planning GM 1966
                                                      Ronald B. Lee, Director of Planning GM 1967, 1968
                                                      Ronald B. Lee, Asst PMG, Bureau of Planning and Marketing GM 1969, 1970

                                                      • A new position under the 1949 Reorganization Plan.
                                                      • to 2011, http://about.usps.com/who-we-are/postal-history/deputy-postmasters-general.pdf
                                                      • Vincent C. Burke, Kentucky
                                                        • previously, 1st Asst PMG
                                                        • nominated 12 Oct. 1949 SEJ v.91 p.1502 confirmed 18 Oct. 1949 SEJ v.91 p.1543
                                                        • 21 Oct. 1949 [PGR 1970]
                                                        • OR 1950, 1951, 1952
                                                        • GM 1950, 1951, 1952
                                                        • nominated 22 Jan. 1953 SEJ v.95 p.75 confirmed 29 Jan. 1953 SEJ v.95 p.119
                                                        • 20 Jan. 1953 [PGR 1970]
                                                        • OR 1953, 1954, 1955
                                                        • GM 1953, 1954, 1955
                                                        • recess appointment, 1 Oct. 1955 [PGR 1970]
                                                        • nominated 12 Jan. 1956 SEJ v.98 p.99 confirmed 16 Apr. 1956 SEJ v.98 p.499
                                                        • OR 1956, 1957
                                                        • GM 1956, 1957
                                                        • recess appointment, 19 Sep. 1957 [PGR 1970]
                                                        • nominated 13 Jan. 1958 SEJ v.100 p. 296 confirmed 23 Jan. 1958 SEJ v.100 p.362
                                                        • OR 1958, 1959
                                                        • GM 1958, 1959
                                                        • 23 Oct. 1959 [PGR 1970]
                                                        • GM 1960
                                                        • 25 Jan. 1961 [PGR 1970]
                                                        • GM 1961, 1962
                                                        • GM 1963
                                                        • 3 July 1963 [PGR 1970]
                                                        • 28 Feb. 1964 [PGR 1970]
                                                        • GM 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1968
                                                        • b. 1908, former President and COO of American Can Company
                                                        • nominated 31 Jan. 1969 [SEJ v.111 p.150] confirmed 7 Feb. 1969 [SEJ v.111 p.169]
                                                        • 7 Feb. 1969 [PGR 1970]
                                                        • GM 1969, 1970
                                                        • Kildroy P. Aldrich
                                                          • GM 1935, 1936, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1940, 1941, 1942
                                                          • GM 1943, 1944, 1945 (1st)
                                                          • later, PMG
                                                          • GM 1945 (2nd), 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949
                                                          • GM 1950, 1951, 1952
                                                          • 6 Feb. 1953 [PGR 1970]
                                                          • GM 1953, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960
                                                          • 14 Feb. 1961 [PGR 1970]
                                                          • GM 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1968
                                                          • 7 Apr. 1969 [PGR 1970]
                                                          • GM 1969, 1970
                                                          • Jesse M. Donaldson, Jr., Illinois, Asst Chief Post Office Inspector OR 1951, 1952
                                                          • Jesse M. Donaldson, Jr., Illinois, Asst Postal Inspector in Charge, Kansas City, Missouri OR 1953, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959
                                                          • The Dept. of Justice assigned an Assistant Attorney General with responsibility for the Post Office Dept. the position was listed with both departments in the Official Register until 1921.
                                                          • The position of General Counsel in the Post Office Dept. was created by the Act of 31 July 1956.
                                                          • Thomas A. Spence, Maryland, appt. 20 Mar. 1873
                                                            • PG, 1875
                                                            • OR 1881, 1883
                                                            • OR 1885, 1887
                                                            • OR 1893, 1895
                                                            • OR 1889, 1891, 1897, 1899, 1901
                                                            • OR 1903
                                                            • OR 1905, 1907, 1909, 1911
                                                            • OR (Asst AG) 1913
                                                            • OR (Solicitor) 1915, 1917, 1919
                                                            • OR 1921
                                                            • OR 1925, 1926, 1927, 1928, 1929, 1930, 1931, 1932
                                                            • Assistant to the Solicitor, OR 1933
                                                            • OR 1933, 1934, 1936, 1937
                                                            • GM 1935, 1936, 1937
                                                            • OR 1939, 1940, 1941, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1945, 1946
                                                            • GM 1938 (10 Oct. 1938), 1939, 1940, 1941, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1945, 1946
                                                            • OR 1947, 1948, 1949, 1950
                                                            • GM 1947, 1948, 1949, 1950
                                                            • OR 1951, 1952
                                                            • GM 1951, 1952
                                                            • Associate Solicitor, GM 1949
                                                            • OR 1953
                                                            • GM 1953
                                                            • OR (Solicitor) 1954, 1955, 1956 (General Counsel) 1957
                                                            • GM (Solicitor) 1954, 1955, 1956 (General Counsel) 1957
                                                            • recess appointment
                                                            • nominated 14 Jan. 1957 SEJ v.99 p.4 confirmed 4 Feb. 1957 SEJ v.99 p.275
                                                            • OR 1958 (Acting), 1959
                                                            • GM 1958, 1959, 1960
                                                            • nominated 17 Mar. 1958 SEJ v.100 p.543 confirmed 22 May 1958 SEJ v.100 p.745
                                                            • GM 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1965
                                                            • GM 1966, 1967, 1968
                                                            • GM 1969, 1970
                                                            • William E. Cochran, Pennsylvania
                                                              • OR 1905, 1907
                                                              • previously, Chief Post-Office Inspector, OR 1899, 1901, 1903
                                                              • OR 1909, 1911
                                                              • OR 1913, 1915, 1917, 1919
                                                              • OR 1921, 1925, 1926, 1927, 1928
                                                              • previously, Chief Clerk, Division of Purchasing Agent OR 1919
                                                              • OR 1929, 1930, 1931, 1932
                                                              • nominated 11 June 1929 SEJ v.68 p.165 confirmed 13 June 1929 SEJ v.68 p.173-174
                                                              • OR 1933, 1934, 1936, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1940, 1941, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1945, 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1950, 1951
                                                              • GM 1935 - 1951
                                                              • appointed, term expiring 15 June 1937 nominated 8 June 1933 SEJ v.74 p.148 confirmed 10 June 1933 SEJ v.74 p.172
                                                              • appointed, term expiring 15 June 1941 nominated 10 May 1937 SEJ v.78 p.325 confirmed 12 May 1937 SEJ v.78 p.329-330
                                                              • appointed, term expiring 15 June 1945 nominated 22 Apr. 1941 SEJ v.83 p.176 confirmed 29 Apr. 1941 SEJ v.83 p.194
                                                              • appointed, term expiring 15 June 1949 nominated 17 Apr. 1945 SEJ v.87 p.201 confirmed 19 Apr. 1945 SEJ v.87 p.219
                                                              • reappointed nominated 18 May 1949 SEJ v.91 p.1099 confirmed 1 June 1949 SEJ v.91 p.1164
                                                              • OR 1952 GM 1952
                                                              • OR 1953

                                                              Frederick E. Batrus, Executive Assistant to the Deputy Postmaster General GM 1970
                                                              Paul N. Carlin, Executive Assistant to the Postmaster General for Congressional Affairs GM 1969, 1970
                                                              PMG, 1985


                                                              Postmasters general, kings of political patronage?

                                                              Postmasters general were once powerful figures who were members of the cabinet and often among a president's closest political and personal advisers. What happened?

                                                              It’s a government job that’s older than the Declaration of Independence. It’s been filled by powerful and important people – including the cleverest of the Founding Fathers. It’s a post that’s been crucial to America’s identity and economic growth.

                                                              It’s the position of (cue Sousa march music) the United States postmaster general!

                                                              Come back here – don’t go wandering off toward the “pictures of the week” page. Sure, you might think that running the Postal Service is sort of a downer today, given that it’s on track to lose $7 billion this year.

                                                              But before FedEx and e-mail, before proposals to can Saturday delivery and shut some post offices, the postmasters general were people of consequence. They were often among a president’s closest political and personal advisers.

                                                              They were even members of the cabinet – up there with the secretaries of State, Treasury, and so forth – for 142 years.

                                                              1. Prior to the invention of Twitter, the delivery of actual pieces of paper to your home or business was a very big deal.

                                                              2. The Postal Service was a huge job bank. Postmasters general were thus kings of political patronage – until civil service reforms ended that.

                                                              Benjamin Franklin was the first postmaster general. The Second Continental Congress appointed him to the position on July 25, 1775. (Alert readers will note that’s before the US was even a country.) He got that patronage thing rolling right away by appointing his son-in-law to be the new postal service’s comptroller.

                                                              Franklin also surveyed post roads and set up post offices and a simple accounting system, in essence founding the service, according to USPS official history.

                                                              Montgomery Blair was postmaster general in the Civil War, a hard-line Marylander and key member of Abraham Lincoln’s famous “team of rivals” cabinet.

                                                              Blair pioneered delivery of mail to homes and offices by salaried postal carriers beginning in 1863.

                                                              Other notable postmasters general include James Farley, who was head of the Postal Service and the Democratic National Committee under FDR and Larry O’Brien, manager of JFK’s presidential campaign, who was appointed to the postal post by LBJ.

                                                              The fun ended in 1970, when Richard Nixon signed a reorganization act that set up the Postal Service as a semiautonomous entity and kicked the postmaster general out of the cabinet.


                                                              Los Angeles Postmasters- (1850 to 1900)

                                                              Although California was declared by proclamation at Monterey July 7, 1846, to be a part of the United States, and was ceded to the United States by Mexico by formal treaty February 2, 1848, a post office was not established at Los Angeles until April 9, 1850. The following is a list of the postmasters from 1850 to 1900, every one of whom, except the first, I knew personally, namely:

                                                              J. Pugh, appointed April 9, 1850.

                                                              Wm. T. B. Sanford, appointed November 6, 1851.

                                                              Dr. Wm. B. Osbourne, appointed October 12, 1853.

                                                              Jas. S. Waite, appointed November 1, 1855.

                                                              John D. Woodworth, appointed May 19, 1858.

                                                              Dr. T. J. White, appointed Mar. 9, 1860.

                                                              Wm. G. Still, appointed June 8, 1861.

                                                              F. P. Ramirez, appointed October 22, 1864.

                                                              Russell Sackett, appointed May 5, 1865.

                                                              Geo. J. Clark, appointed January 25, 1866.

                                                              Geo. J. Clark, re-appointed March 2, 1870.

                                                              H. K. W. Bent, appointed February 14, 1873.

                                                              Col. I. R. Dunkelberger, appointed February 3, 1877.

                                                              Col. I. R. Dunkelberger, re-appointed 1881.

                                                              John W. Green, appointed 1885.

                                                              E. A. Preuss, appointed 1887.

                                                              J. W. Green, 2nd term, appointed 1890 (died July 31, '91).

                                                              Maj. H. J. Shoulters, acting postmaster about seven months, August, 1 89 1, to February, 1892.

                                                              H. V. Van Dusen, January 6, 1892.

                                                              Gen. Jno. R. Mathews, December 20, 1895.

                                                              Capt. W. T. B. Sanford, the second incumbent, was a well-known and thorough going business man, here and at San Pedro, in the early '50's. He was a brother of Gen. Banning's first wife, and was also engaged with him in the freighting business.

                                                              Mr. J. M. Guinn, our secretary, has already furnished the society with a sketch of versatile Dr. Wm. B. Osbourn.

                                                              James S. Waite was for some years the publisher (but not the founder) of the pioneer newspaper of Los Angeles, "The Star."

                                                              Mr. J. D. Woodworth, who was appointed by President Buchanan, was a native of Vermont, but he came from Des Moines or Keokuck, Iowa, to Los Angeles. The office under his administration was located in the one-story adobe on the west side of Spring Street, nearly opposite the Bullard block. Wallace Woodworth, for some years president of our county Board of Supervisors, was a son of Mr. Woodworth and he died about the time of his father's death. The Woodworth family were relatives of Col. Isaac Williams of El Chino rancho. Mr. Woodworth was a cousin of Samuel Woodworth, author of "The Old Oaken Bucket." In the '60's and '70's he lived near San Gabriel Mission, where he had an orchard and vineyard, which, later he sold to Mr. L. H. Titus, who died recently and then bought the Dr. Hoover vineyard, adjoining the Dr. White place, near the river, where he died September 30, 1883, aged 70 years.

                                                              Dr. T. J. White was quite an eminent physician. I think he came from St. Louis to Sacramento, which district he represented in one of the first legislatures of California. Later he moved to Los Angeles with his family. Col. E. J. C. Kewen married one of his daughters, and Murray Morrison, at one time District Judge here, married another daughter. All are now dead except a son and daughter of Col. Kewen, and young T. Jeff White, the third of that name. This young man is a grandson of the old doctor, Thos. Jefferson White, the distinguished pioneer of Sacramento and Los Angeles, whom many old-timers will well remember.

                                                              Wm. G. Still was appointed postmaster by President Lincoln, about the time of the commencement of the Civil war. The office was located then in the one-story frame building, belonging to Salizar, on the west side of Main Street, between the Downey block and Lafayette Hotel (now St. Elmo). Political excitement, I remember then ran high here and a secessionist gambler tried to assassinate Postmaster Still by firing a pistol ball at him through the ^thin board partition of the office.

                                                              I remember that Still, Oscar Macey and myself were sent as delegates from this county to the State Convention of the Union party, held at Sacramento in 1862.

                                                              Mr. Still had been a Douglas Democrat, and he was a very intense Union man but I recollect that when the news first came that President Lincoln would issue an emancipation proclamation as "a war measure," he remarked to me somewhat excitedly that the President "had better leave that slavery question alone." Later he thought better of President Lincoln's wise action. I do not know from what State Mr. Still came, or if he is still living.

                                                              Mr. Ramirez was a talented Californian, a native of Los Angeles, who I think was educated by old Don Louis Vignes. He spoke and wrote English and French, as well as Spanish he represented this county in the legislature, and edited and published for several years, in French and Spanish, a paper called "El Clamor Publico."

                                                              Russell Sackett, who was postmaster for a brief period, was an attorney and justice of the peace. Whilst I knew him quite well, I never happened to learn from what part of the country he came, or anything about his antecedents. I think he has been dead a good many years.

                                                              Captain George Johnstone Clarke was for many years a prominent citizen of Los Angeles. He served two terms as postmaster of this city, that is, from 1866 to 1873, and also for a long period as notary, conveyance, and as school trustee, etc. His first post-master's commission is signed by Andrew Johnson, and is dated January 25, 1866, and his second-term commission is signed by U. S. Grant, and dated March 2, 1870.

                                                              At the commencement of his term the office was located on Main Street between the Downey block and the Lafayette, now the St. Elmo Hotel, the same place where it had been administered by his predecessor, Wm. G. Still afterwards it was removed to the Temple block, on the Spring Street side, near the middle of the block, where it remained to the end of his incumbency, and till the appointment of his successor, H. K. W. Bent.

                                                              Capt. Clarke, was a native of New Hampshire. He was born on the 13th of July, 181 7, at Northwood. The family name of his mother before marriage was Johnstone. Young Clarke went to Australia in 1842, and came from there to California in 1850. Soon after arrival in San Francisco he bought 160 acres of land in Hayes' valley. He and Thomas Hayes, after whom the valley was named, were intimate friends, and had close business relations. From San Francisco he went to San Jose, and later to San Pablo and Russian River. At one time he ran a small steamer belonging to Col. Harasthy, between San Francisco and the Embarcadero on Sonoma creek and also to Petaluma, where he first met his future wife. Miss Sarah Finley, to whom he was married in 1859. He came to Los Angeles County in 1862 and prospected for mines at Soledad. The next year he brought his wife here and a company was formed, of which he was superintendent, for working the Soledad copper mines. Afterwards he was interested with James Hayward, son of Alvinza Hayward, in working the Eureka gold mine at Acton in this county. If I mistake not, he served with Judge W. G. Dryden and the writer of these lines on the school board sometime in the '60's. I remember he built a fine two-story residence, where he lived several years, on a lot which fronted on both Fort (Broadway) and Hill streets, on a portion of which the Slauson block, below Fourth Street, now stands. His house was then well out of town, and was a sort of landmark, as there were comparatively few residences in that neighborhood at that time.

                                                              During his later years he lived on lower Main Street, near 21st street. In 1864 a convention of the Union party was held in this city and as a member of that convention, I remember very distinctly that Captain Clarke, as delegate from the Soledad precinct, was the first speaker to urge the recombination of Abraham Lincoln and that he was very urgent and outspoken in his advocacy of the importance of such recombination as bearing on the prosecution of the war for the preservation of the Union.

                                                              Capt. Clarke and Col. Charles H. Larrabee sent to China (and, it is believed, were the first) to bring to California mandarin orange trees (two kinds), which were widely propagated by budding, by Mr. Garey and others. Col. Larrabee and Capt. Clarke also introduced into California at the same time. Pomelo and Loquat trees. Capt. Clarke was an ardent Republican, a faithful official and good citizen. He was genial and what the Spanish call "corriente" m his ways he was easily accessible to all and was generally well liked.

                                                              Capt. Clarke died August 2, 1890. Mrs. Clarke is still a resident of this city. They had no children.

                                                              All of the foregoing are supposed to have deceased. All incumbents since Capt. Clarke, except Mr. Green, are still (June, 1900) living.

                                                              Mr. Bent, who served as postmaster under President Grant's administration, is a resident of Pasadena. He is a native of Wey-mouth. Mass., where he was born October 29, 183 1. He came to Los Angeles in October, 1868.

                                                              I assume that the reputation of Mr. Bent and of the other incumbents, his successors, who are still living, are generally well known and. therefore, it is hardly necessary for me to go very fully into details here concerning them. I believe Mr. Bent's efficiency as a public official was universally conceded by the community whom he served, from 1873 to 1877.

                                                              For many years the post office at Los Angeles has been one of constantly growing importance, both because of the phenomenal growth of the city in population and because this office has practically been a distributing office for Southern California and Arizona. Before the railroad era the mails were largely carried over stage routes, on which the mail matter could not be worked preparatory to final distribution (as now can be done on postal cars), thereby throwing an immense amount of work in the former period on the local office. Under Mr. Bent's administration the efficiency of the postal service which radiated from Los Angeles, was greatly increased in many respects. Mr. Bent served one or two terms as a member of the city Board of Education. He is at present a resident of Pasadena.

                                                              Col. Isaac R. Dunkelberger was appointed by President Grant February 3, 1877, and re-appointed by President Hayes in 1881. Col. Dunkelberger is a native of Pennsylvania, born in 1832. He was one of the first, if not the first man to enlist in that State in the Civil war. His regiment, the First Penn. Volunteers, was ordered to Baltimore at the time of the attack on the Massachusetts troops, and while there he received a commission as second lieutenant in the First Dragons, afterwards the First U. S. Cavalry, the same regiment which so distinguished itself in Cuba in the late war between the United States and Spain. Col. Dunkelberger was in thirty-six pitched battles, and in innumerable skirmishes. He was twice wounded, once through the left shoulder and left lung, his wound, at the time, being thought to have been mortal. His sufferings from this 'terrible wound during the last thirty odd years, from abscesses, which continue to recur at intervals to this day, have been most excruciating. His left arm is practically helpless.

                                                              After the close of the war he went to New Orleans with Gen. Sheridan, who there relieved Gen. Butler. From thence he was ordered to San Francisco, and from there to Arizona. In 1876 he resigned his commission in the army, since when he has resided in Angeles. Col. Dunkelberger married Miss Mary Mallard of this city. They have six children.

                                                              Of Mr. John W. Green's nativity and arrival in California, I have been unable to obtain information. He was first appointed by President Arthur, in 1885, and served as postmaster of Los Angeles till 1887, being succeeded by Mr. Preuss he was again appointed in 1890, and served till his death, which occurred July 31, 1891.

                                                              Edward Anthony Preuss was born in New Orleans June 7, 1850, of German parentage. When he was three years old his family moved to Louisville, Ky., where he lived till 1868, when he left, via Panama, for California, arriving at San Francisco May 31, and at Los Angeles soon after. He had learned the drug business with his uncle, Dr. E. A. Preuss, in Louisville, and he came with him to Los Angeles, remaining in his employ some time here and later in the employ of Dr. C. F. Heinzeman. In 1876 he engaged in the drug business on his own account. During this time, from 1876 to to 1885, he had successively as partners, John H. Schumacher, the pioneer, C. B. Pironi, and C. H. Hance. In 1885 he sold out his interest to Capt. Hance.

                                                              Mr. Preuss was appointed postmaster by President Cleveland in 1887, and served till July i, 1890, when President Harrison reappointed John W. Green, who had been the immediate predecessor of Mr. Preuss. The post office during Mr. Preuss' incumbency was located on the west side of North Main Street, southwest of the Plaza Catholic Church and afterward, on S. Broadway, below Sixth Street, in the Dol block, now known as the Columbia hotel. In 1877, Mr. Preuss was married to Miss Mary Schumacher. They have one son, Kenneth, now a man grown.

                                                              Mr. Preuss gives some interesting statistics concerning the phenomenal business of our local post office in the boom that culminated in 1887. From August 1 to December 31, of that year, a period of five months, over 39,000 forwarding orders and changes of address were received at the office, which handled the mail of 200,000 transients annually. He tells of the double rows of people which, on the arrival of the mails, extended from the approaches of the post office, nearly to the Catholic Church. He says it was very difficult to get the department at Washington to furnish sufficient force to handle the business of the office at that time.

                                                              On the death of Mr. Green, Maj. H. J. Shoulters became acting postmaster in August, 1891, serving till February, 1892, or about seven months. Maj. Shoulters, who is now assistant postmaster under the present incumbent, Judge Groff, is a native of Montpelier, Vt., born in '42. He came to Los Angeles in '84. He was in numerous battles in the Civil war, including the Wilderness campaign, where he had a leg smashed. He was elected city treasurer in 1892 and served two years.

                                                              Henry Van Dusen was born in Albion, N, Y., July 15, 1842, and came to Los Angeles in 1885, and was appointed postmaster by President Harrison, January 6, 1892, and served four years. He enlisted in the nth U. S. regular infantry at the commencement of the Civil war, was in five battles, and lost his left arm in the battle of Gaines' Mills, January 27, 1862.

                                                              Gen. John R. Mathews was appointed postmaster of Los Angeles December 20, 1895, by President Cleveland, and served some-thing over four years. He is a native of St. Louis, born in 1848, and came to California in 1883. Prior to his appointment as post-master, he served as State Senator and Brigadier General and in each and every public position, he proved a very efficient official. He labored diligently and successfully to improve the postal service of this office and section. During his incumbency, full railway postal service for Southern California was secured, and some twenty-seven additional local and mounted carriers, clerks and station men were ordered.

                                                              The present force of Los Angeles post office is: Clerks, 41 carriers and collectors, 62 clerks at stations, 12 railway postal clerks, 46 - total, 161.

                                                              The increase in business of the office in the four years of Gen. Mathews' term, is indicated by the following brief showing: Receipts of the office, 1895. $177,911 receipts of the office, 1899, $228,417 - Increase, $50,506.

                                                              Judge Louis A. Groff, the present incumbent of the Los Angeles post office is a man of wide experience, having been Commissioner of the General Land Office under the administration of President Harrison, and he also served in other offices of trust and responsibility. He was only lately appointed postmaster of our local office by President McKinley. We have every reason to expect that he will maintain the high standard of efficiency which the office had attained under his predecessors. Judge Groff, I believe, is a native of Ohio.

                                                              Source: Annual publication of the Historical Society of Southern California and Pioneer register, Los Angeles, Part I. Vol. V.,1900

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                                                              USPS News Link

                                                              Link marked African-American History Month last year by looking at notable African-American postal workers from the 19th century. Here’s a look at some 20th-century pioneers.

                                                              1. Christopher Scott. In 1961, this 38-year postal veteran from Los Angeles was appointed as deputy to the assistant Postmaster General for transportation, making him the highest-ranking African-American in the Post Office Department at the time.

                                                              2. Evelyn Brown. Brown started delivering mail in Washington, DC, in 1963, becoming the first woman to deliver mail in the city since World War II.

                                                              3. Leslie Shaw. This successful banking executive took a 25 percent pay cut to accept the job of acting Postmaster of Los Angeles in 1963. He was appointed Postmaster the following year and served until 1969.

                                                              4. Henry W. McGee. In 1966, McGee, a 37-year postal veteran, was appointed as Postmaster of Chicago. He was not only the city’s first black Postmaster, he was also reportedly the first career postal employee to lead a major Post Office in the United States.

                                                              5. John R. Strachan. In 1967, Strachan, a 22-year postal veteran, was appointed as New York City’s Postmaster. He later served as manager of the New York Metropolitan Postal Center from 1971-72 before returning as New York City’s Postmaster.

                                                              6. Ronald B. Lee. Lee, formerly the head of the Post Office Department’s planning and systems analysis office, became the first African-American assistant Postmaster General when President Nixon appointed him to oversee planning and marketing in 1969.

                                                              7. Emmett E. Cooper Jr. In 1977, Cooper became the first African-American to attain the position of regional Postmaster General when he was appointed to oversee the Eastern region.


                                                              Two postmasters general meet on the ice joint issues represent nations’ relationships

                                                              In late October, a rare historic moment took place on the ice in Detroit. It wasn’t a face off of any sort between two nations, the United States vs. Canada, but rather, a reflection on a sport that connects them both.

                                                              For that historic moment, two postmasters general stood in one place to dedicate the History of Hockey stamps, a joint issue between the U.S. Postal Service and Canada Post, on Oct. 20 at Belfor Training Center in Detroit’s Little Caesars Arena, home of the National Hockey League’s Detroit Red Wings.

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                                                              I was thrilled to be part of the crowd of 300 that attended the stamp event. You can see a video of the ceremony at facebook.com/USPS just click the videos link.

                                                              It was Canada Post president and CEO Deepak Chopra who mentioned his belief that this was the first time that the two nations’ postmasters general stood in the same place to dedicate a stamp, even though this was the sixth partnership between the two countries.

                                                              U.S. postmaster general and CEO Megan J. Brennan joined Chopra, along with eight-time Stanley Cup champion Red Kelly, and author and sports medicine physician Murray Howe, son of NHL legend Gordie Howe, to unveil the stamps.

                                                              Chopra was also gracious with his time and chatted with me about stamps. His reflection on the 2017 Canada joint issues really stood out to me. He said:

                                                              “I think joint issues are very rare and very special. We must preserve their sanctity in the sense that they must represent a monumental moment in two nations’ relationship.

                                                              “The stamp issue with France reflected Vimy, and as you know Vimy was an incredibly momentous moment in Canadian history because many people would argue that after Vimy Canada really matured as a nation. So it was important for us to do that as a joint issue.

                                                              “We have never done a joint issue with India. So the very first issue had to reflect what is so important to the people of the two countries. Diwali is celebrated by one fifth of the world’s population, 1.2 million Indo-Canadians in Canada. So Diwali was a meaningful subject for both Posts.

                                                              “And for the United States, with whom we have done five previous joint issues, it made a lot of sense to have an issue that reflected hockey that is so blended. Especially with NHL, Canada 150 anniversary, and so on. So all of that reflects the meaningfulness of the three joint issues this year.”

                                                              On a personal note, I look forward to Linn’s continuing to work well with both postal administrations moving forward. This event was a signal of positive things ahead for the hobby, knowing that both nations have a commitment to their stamp programs.


                                                              The Post Office Department

                                                              Following the adoption of the Constitution in May 1789, the Act of September 22, 1789 (1 Stat. 70), temporarily established a post office and created the Office of the Postmaster General. On September 26, 1789, George Washington appointed Samuel Osgood of Massachusetts as the first Postmaster General under the Constitution. At that time there were 75 post offices and about 2,000 miles of post roads, although as late as 1780 the postal staff consisted only of a Postmaster General, a Secretary/Comptroller, three surveyors, one Inspector of Dead Letters, and 26 post riders.

                                                              The Postal Service was temporarily continued by the Act of August 4, 1790 (1 Stat. 178), and the Act of March 3, 1791 (1 Stat. 218). The Act of February 20, 1792, made detailed provisions for the Post Office. Subsequent legislation enlarged the duties of the Post Office, strengthened and unified its organization, and provided rules and regulations for its development.

                                                              Philadelphia was the seat of government and postal headquarters until 1800. When the Post Office moved to Washington, D.C., in that year, officials were able to carry all postal records, furniture, and supplies in two horse-drawn wagons.

                                                              In 1829, upon the invitation of President Andrew Jackson, William T. Barry of Kentucky became the first Postmaster General to sit as a member of the President's Cabinet. His predecessor, John McLean of Ohio, began referring to the Post Office, or General Post Office as it was sometimes called, as the Post Office Department, but it was not specifically established as an executive department by Congress until June 8, 1872.

                                                              Around this period, in 1830, an Office of Instructions and Mail Depredations was established as the investigative and inspection branch of the Post Office Department. The head of that office, P. S. Loughborough, is considered the first Chief Postal Inspector.


                                                              Watch the video: Justice for Sub-postmasters in the Post Office case